About Ava

 
Excellence, Care, Integrity and Teamwork are core values we embrace at AVA. Coming together, we advance in step as one to achieve AVA's vision and mission.
 


AVA'S Centres

Animal & Plant Health Centre

The Animal and Plant Health Centre (APHC) of the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore is located at 6 Perahu Road in the northwest of Singapore. It provides laboratory diagnostic support for national surveillance and monitoring programmes, for the detection of important animal and plant diseases in Singapore. The Centre also provides animal and plant health diagnostic services to the public.


Facilities of APHC

APHC's well-equipped facilities include an administration cum laboratory building. A plant containment facility processes foreign plant and soil samples under biosecure conditions to isolate and work with exotic plant pests and plant quarantine diseases. We also maintain a flock of Specific-Pathogen-Free (SPF) chickens for laboratory diagnostic use. Such advanced infrastructure of the APHC enables AVA to maintain high animal and plant health standards for Singapore.



Animal Health Laboratory Services


Services

The animal health laboratory services are sought by local and overseas farmers, private pet owners, private veterinary practitioners, as well as local establishments such as the Singapore Zoological Gardens, Resorts World Sentosa and vaccine manufacturing companies.

We provide the following services: 

  • Diagnostic support for AVA's national surveillance programmes for various notifiable animal and zoonotic pathogens, such as:
    • Rabies virus
    • 'Bird flu' virus (avian influenza virus)
    • Nipah virus
    • Salmonella enteritidis
  • Investigation of production diseases in aquaculture, which includes the detection of important aquatic pathogens such as viral nervous necrosis virus, iridoviruses. White spot syndrome virus and Streptococcus iniae in food fish and shellfish.
  • Services for the diagnosis of animal diseases through laboratory testing, including the determination of antibiotic susceptibility profiles of bacterial pathogens. We also offer disease investigation and professional consultation services for animal and fish farms.
  • Quality control testing of veterinary biologics. opens in a new windowMore information on possession and import/export of veterinary biologics.
  • Diagnostic support for the issuance of export health certificates by conducting a variety of tests for animals and fish. These include serological tests for Brucella canis, Leptospira canicola, Erhlichia canis, Erhlichia canis and Equine infectious anaemia, and the detection of Koi herpesvirus (KHV) and Red seabream iridovirus (RSIV) via PCR.

For more information on the testing services we offer, refer to Animal Diseases and Diagnostic Services

For more information on the export of animals, refer to Exporting Dogs & Cats and Import, Export & Transshipment of Other Animals.

Our contact

Animal and Plant Health Centre
Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority
6 Perahu Road
Singapore 718827
Tel: (65) 63165168 / (65) 63165188
Fax: (65) 63161090

Operating hours:


Operating Hours Sample Submission Hours
Mondays to Thursdays 8:00 am to 5:30 pm 8:00 am to 5:00 pm
Fridays 8:00 am to 5:00 pm 8:00 am to 4:30 pm
New Year's Eve, Chinese New Year's Eve and Christmas Eve 8:00 am to 12:30 pm 8:00 am to 12:00 pm
Saturdays, Sundays and Public Holidays Closed Closed


Plant Health Laboratory Services


The Plant Health Laboratory Services arm of the opens in a new windowAnimal and Plant Health Centre of the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore functions as the national authority on plant pests. It has specialists in Plant Mycology, Plant Virology, Nematology, Entomology, and Soil Science disciplines to provide analytical and diagnostic services for the identification of plant pests, diseases and nutrition problems for plants in Singapore.

The Integrated Pest Management Unit carries out surveillance programmes on the status of local vegetable and orchid farms, ornamental nurseries, shrubs and trees in the garden city to safeguard the plant health of Singapore. Members under our plant health surveillance network such as farms and the National Parks Board are provided with monthly plant pest alerts to manage impeding outbreaks.

We also provide laboratory examinations to facilitate trade in plants and plant commodities for phytosanitary certifications as well as checking for any incursion of exotic plant pests for post entry samples taken from opens in a new windowplant health inspections by AVA.


Services

The Plant Health Laboratory Services of AVA provide as a valuable resource for many different groups such as:

  • Home garden enthusiasts
  • Golf courses managers
  • Garden societies and clubs
  • Property management corporations
  • Vegetable, orchid and ornamental plant farms
  • Agri-chemical companies
  • Landscape maintenance companies and contractors
  • Plant and plant product exporters and importers
  • Government agencies, examples including NParks, NEA and PUB

Our services include:
  • Analysis of plant materials and soil for insect and nematode pests, bacterial, fungal and viral pathogens, and to recommend appropriate control measures where available.
  • Nutrient analysis for plant tissues, soils, fertilisers, manure and growing media.
  • Consultation on soil fertility, chemical and physical soil properties for plant growth.
  • On-site assessment and diagnosis of plant health problems at location.
  • Consultation and training on pest management and pesticide applications.
  • Laboratory and field evaluations on pest control efficacy for phyto-chemicals and pesticides.
  • opens in a new windowDiagnostic support for issuance of phytosanitary certification for export
  • Provide plant health resources in consultation, publication and risk assessment

We provide diagnosis and recommendations only. You may need to engage the service from a landscape maintenance or treatment provider to carry out the recommendations given.



Types of tests/services and fees

Details of fees can be downloaded from our opens in a new windowservice booklet. Fees for commonly requested tests/services are also listed below.

Tests/Services Charges(Including GST) Tests/Services Charges(Including GST)
Pathogens and Pests Nutrient Analysis
Laboratory Diagnosis for Bacteria or Fungus or Virus (ELISA) $28.35 per test for up to 3 tests for each pest type
Bulk Discount $13.65 per test from 4th test onwards for same pest type
Each Analysis - N, P, K, Ca, Mg, B, Mn, Cu, Fe, Zn, Na, Chloride, Sulphate, Total Carbon or Organic Carbon, Organic Matter and C:N ratio* (*2 tests for C:N ratio) 28.35 per test up to 3 tests for the same test
Bulk Discount $23.10 per test from 4th test onwards for the same test
Detection of Virus (dsRNA) or Phytoplasma or Viroid $68.25 per test per pest type Analysis for pH, Buffered pH or Electrical Conductivity (EC) $10.50 per test up to 5 tests for the same test
Bulk Discount $9.45 per test from 6th test onwards for the same test
Laboratory Diagnosis for Plant Insect or Nematode $28.35 per test for up to 3 tests for each pest type
Bulk Discount $13.65 per test from 4th test onwards for same pest type
Particle Size or Soil Texture $42.00 per test up to 3 tests
Bulk Discount $37.80 per test from 4th test onwards for same test
Other Services
Bulk Density or Moisture Content $15.75 per test
Professional services (e.g. Plant Health Site Assessements or Trials) $63.00 per hour or part thereof Cation Exchange Capacity(CEC) $47.25 per test

Application process and sample submission

1) Selection of sample for analysis

Please refer to our opens in a new windowservice booklet for detailed instructions on sample submission.


2) Completion of application form

Application form for Plant Health Laboratory Services is available as a opens in a new windowhard copy (pdf format) or as an electronic form for customers applying using opens in a new windowe-Services from AVA website.

  • For home growers or individuals, please give your name, mailing address, contact no. and NRIC no. for billing purposes.
  • For company representatives, please include your name and your company name, mailing address, your contact number and your Company's UEN no. for billing purposes.

Fill in the application form as well as the worksheet for selection of test(s) provided. Acknowledge the selected tests to be performed by signing and selecting the preferred method of opens in a new windowpayment before submitting the form with the samples. Please read the terms and conditions before signing the form.


3) Submission of samples and application form

Submit the samples, together with the completed application form or the eService acknowledgement slip to the opens in a new windowAnimal and Plant Health Centre soon after collecting. Otherwise keep the samples cool (refrigerated at 5 to 10oC) if you are unable to submit immediately.

Alternatively, you may mail/courier the sample in a sturdy box (to prevent crushing) with the completed application form.


Sample submission from overseas (including Malaysia)

AVA regulates the import of plants and plant products, biological control agents, soil and organic fertilisers in Singapore under the Control of Plants Act (Chapter 57A, Section 49). An opens in a new windowimport permit fee (S$11) for these foreign samples is levied for each application by the Quarantine & Inspection Group. Customer will be billed for the import permit in addition to the laboratory analysis.

When sending plant samples from overseas, International Air Transport Association (IATA) Packaging Instruction 650 should be followed. Further information on regulations covering postal packages can be obtained from IATA.


Test reports

Test results1 are ready within 7 to 14 days depending on test types. We will send an invoice when the laboratory report is ready if prior payment had not been made. Report will be released only upon full payment for services. Please call 6316 5168 to check if the report is ready for collection.

1Explanatory Note: There could be exception cases to the above guidelines, such as cases involving incubation tests which requires more than 14 days to complete, e.g. cases where further confirmation of results is needed or delay due to unforeseen equipment breakdown. Customers will be informed if results will not be ready within 14 working days.

Please indicate on the application form the preferred manner of receiving reports: by fax, mail or personal collection at APHC. For customers using our opens in a new windowe-Services, results can be viewed online upon payment. The official report will be sent to you based on your preferred method of receipt.

For reasons of confidentiality, reports will be sent only to the party being billed for the examination, except where a notifiable disease, in which case, the relevant authorities will be notified.


Payment

Modes of payment for laboratory services include NETS, GIRO, Cheque or cashcard.

For customers using our opens in a new windoweServices, payment can also be made using credit card (VISA or MasterCard) or Internet banking (eNets Debit).

Applications for payment by GIRO should be made in advance to allow time for processing. opens in a new windowMore information regarding payment and GIRO application form.

For clients not residing in Singapore, please contact APHC for payment arrangements.

For payment queries:
Mrs Chan Geok Hua
Tel: +65-6316 5188
Email: chan_geok_hua@ava.gov.sg




Aquaculture Services Centre

The Aquaculture Services Centre (ASC) of Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA), plays a pivotal role in facilitating the opens in a new windowfoodfish and ornamental fish industry and trade in Singapore and in the region.

Located at the Sembawang Research Station, the Centre provides technical advice and support to farmers, exporters and investors involved in the foodfish aquaculture and ornamental fish industry.

The Centre also promotes and encourages the use of modern technology for the production of high quality foodfish for local consumption, and in the production and export of quality ornamental fish.


Services offered

Farm extension
  • Technical advice and support for farmers, exporters and investors
  • Farm environment monitoring
  • Administration of Dragon Fish Farm Registration Scheme. For more information on this programme, click here.

Feasibility studies

  • Farm site evaluation and assessment
  • Farm and hatchery evaluation/audit
  • Farm environment assessment

Consultancy

  • Local and overseas aquaculture-related projects
  • Development and management of aquaculture projects
  • Farm and hatchery planning & design

Technology transfer

  • On-the-job training/Industrial attachments
  • Development of Good Aquaculture Practices (GAP)

Product & process development/evaluation

  • Commercial aquaculture product development and evaluation
  • Overseas technical assistance programmes
  • Training courses in aquaculture (foodfish and ornamental fish) tailored to specific needs

Trade promotion

  • Organisation and participation in trade missions and exhibitions (local and overseas)

Information

  • Market intelligence and technical information
  • Trade database and statistics

Animal Management Centre

AVA regulates animal welfare and control under the opens in a new windowAnimals and Birds Act 2002 and its subsidiary legislations, the opens in a new windowAnimals and Birds (Pet Shop and Exhibition) Rules 2004 and the opens in a new windowAnimals and Birds (Dog Licensing and Control) Rules.

The Animal Management Centre (AMC) of the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority was established for matters pertaining to animal welfare and control.

Services

The Animal Management Centre (AMC) of the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority provides the following services:


Claiming of impounded dogs and cats

To claim impounded dogs or cats, the following fees have to be paid:

  • Impoundment fee: S$93 for dog / S$47 for cat
  • Boarding fee: S$16.50 per day for both dog and cat
  • Licence fee (for unlicensed dogs). See opens in a new windowDog Licensing

In addition, there will be a penalty for each of the following:

  • If the dog was not licensed
  • If the dog licence has expired
  • If the dog was straying
  • If the dog was not muzzled (for breeds required to be muzzled in a public place). See opens in a new windowList of Breeds
  • If the dog was not kept at the premises registered in the licence


If you have further enquiries/feedback

For feedback on animal nuisance and welfare issues, please call the AVA Animal Response Centre via 1800 476 1600 or opens in a new windowemail us.

For other enquiries/feedback, please call the AVA Contact Centre at 6805 2992 or email us.

Alternatively, please visit our Contact Us page.


Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine Station

All animals, birds and their products coming through Changi International Airport must undergo inspections at CAPQ. CAPQ is located in the Changi Airfreight Centre. Public transport to CAPQ includes bus services and taxi. opens in a new windowView more information on the procedures for clearing your pets upon their arrival in Singapore.

Make an appointment for your pet's inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA's intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 5 days before arrival. Pets arriving for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee. Here are some Frequently Asked Questions about AVA's online inspection appointment booking (E-booking).

Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine Station

Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Tel: 65457523
Fax: 65453023

Operating hours:
Mon - Sat 8.00am - 1.00pm
2.00pm - 10.30pm
Sun and Public Holidays Closed

How to get there

Transportation Route
Bus 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)
MRT Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

opens in a new windowView direction to CAPQ.

Please be informed that this travel information is meant for commuters without pets. Pets are not allowed on buses and MRT trains.


Horticulture Services Centre

The Horticulture Services Centre (HSC) at AVA promotes the development of the horticulture farming industry in Singapore. It provides services to the local vegetable and orchid farms.

Services offered

Advisory for Good Agricultural Practices for Vegetable Farming (GAP-VF) Certification

AVA encourages local vegetable farms to adopt the code of Good Agricultural Practice as a food safety assurance system in vegetable production.

HSC provides advisory services to help vegetable farms achieve the GAP-VF status and certification.

Refer to Good Agricultural Practices for Vegetable Farming (GAP-VF) for more information and application of GAP-VF certification.

Orchid Seed Pod Service

HSC assists the orchid farming industry in the development of their own new varieties of orchids. The Orchid Seed Pod Service germinates orchid seeds for the growers and returns orchid plantlets to them.

You can apply for the Orchid Seed Pod Service and submit your seed pods at the Plant Biotechnology Laboratory.

Service Fees (Subject to GST)
 Orchid Seed Pod  
Seed Germination S$14.00 per seedpod
Seedling Production S$10.00 per lot of 50 seedlings


Tissue Culture of Orchids Service

Besides Orchid Seed Pod Service, HSC also provides Tissue Culture Service to assist the orchid farming industry in the development of new orchid varieties. Tissue culture involves the scientific technique of propagating the orchids under controlled environment for commercial purposes.

You can apply for this service and submit the plant at the Plant Biotechnology Lab.

Service
Fees (Subject to GST)
 Tissue Culture of Orchids and Ornamental Plants 
Tissue Culture of Plantlets
S$565.00 per 1000 plantlets


Technical Examination of New Plant Varieties for Plant Varieties Protection (PVP)

Under the Plant Varieties Protection (PVP) Act, a plant breeder who discovers and develops a new plant variety may apply to protect his intellectual property (IP) of the new plant variety. If granted, the breeder will be given exclusive breeder rights in relation to the new plant variety.

The PVP is administered by the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS). To facilitate PVP applications, AVA is one of the technical examining authorities to ascertain whether the candidate plant is indeed of a new variety, through a technical examination for distinction, uniformity, and stability (DUS).

The DUS examination involves the detailed observation of plant parts and characteristics to distinguish the differences between the candidate variety and the common knowledge variety.

Service Fees (Subject to GST)
 Technical Examination
 
Plant technical examination at AVA premise (on-site)
S$700 per month or part thereof*
Plant technical examination at applicant premise (off-site)
S$600 per month or part thereof*

* To multiply accordingly if crop growing duration is more than a month

Refer to "How to Apply for Plant Protection with IPOS" for more details on the technical examination of new plant varieties submitted for Plant Varieties Protection.

 


Jurong Fishery Port

AVA operates two fishery ports at Jurong and Senoko. They provide 24-hour service daily to foreign and local fishing vessels for bunkering, discharging and transshipment of fish. The fishing ports enforce the opens in a new windowWholesome Meat and Fish Act, and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation and the opens in a new windowFisheries Act and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation in respect of marketing and fishing harbour activities. The ports also house the wholesale fish markets whereby buyers can buy fish wholesale in bulk.

The non-regulatory functions such as maintenance of cleanliness and sanitation of the ports and its whole markets have been outsourced to a managing agent from 1 November 2005 onwards. The current managing agent at the ports is M/s CPG Facilities Management Pte Ltd.

opens in a new windowPlease click for information on Senoko Fishery Port (SFP).


Location

Jurong Fishery Port (JFP) is situated at the mouth of the Jurong River at the south western part of Singapore. It is located at Fishery Port Road. It has an area of 5.1 hectares and started operations in 1969. JFP is an international port for foreign fishing vessels to land their fish catch. It serves not only as a docking and bunkering base for foreign fishing vessels operating in the Indian and Pacific Ocean, but also as a marketing and distribution centre for fresh fish. JFP operates 24 hours a day, all year round, except for marketing and distribution activities, which are closed on Monday mornings between 0200 hours and 0600 hours.

please click opens in a new windowPlease click for view the location map.


Facilities

JFP provides facilities, which include a 400 metre long wharf, a wholesale fish market, shops, ice-crusher stalls, canteens and fish merchants' office units. JFP also has a computerised water batching system, which dispenses potable water to fishing vessels berthed at the wharf.


Supply of fish

Fishing vessels and fish reefer boats calling at JFP usually unload their catch between 2300 hrs and 0200 hrs for wholesale through the fish merchants. Other than importation by sea from Indonesia, fish sold at JFP are also brought in by trucks by land from Malaysia and Thailand, and by air from countries like Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Taiwan, and Vietnam. In addition, frozen tuna is transshipped through the JFP.


Marketing and wholesale activities

JFP's wholesale fish market is 9,000 sq meters in area and houses 110 market lots. There are about 103 fish merchants licensed by the AVA conducting wholesale fish business at JFP. On average 2,000 to 3,000 fish retailers, fish processors and institutional buyers come to JFP's wholesale fish market daily to buy fish. Fish are displayed for sale in the market lots and their freshness is maintained by the crushed ice in the fish box. Fish are sold by wholesale in bulk at a negotiated price. An average of 200-250 tonnes of fresh fish is handled each day. Peak hours of sale are from 0200 hrs to 0600 hrs, except on Monday mornings when the market is closed.


Types of fish

More than a hundred species of fish including prawn, crab, lobster and finfish are sold at the JFP. The price of fish fluctuates depending on supply and demand as well as type, size and the freshness of fish. Popular species of fish sold include Sea Bream, Spanish Mackerel, Gold-Banded Scad, Red Snapper, Mackerel, Pomfret, Grouper, Threadfin, Horse Mackerel, shrimp/prawn and squid.


Services and fees

JFP provides 24-hour service to the port and market users. The description and fees/charges for the port services provided by JFP are:

Services and fees
Description Form Fees/Charges
All personnel entering JFP would need to apply for an entry permit, which is renewable annually. opens in a new windowApplication for Entry Permit to JFP
S$14.00 per annum
All foreign personnel entering JFP would need to apply for a restricted entry permit, which is renewable annually. opens in a new windowApplication for Entry Permit (Restricted) to JFP
S$14.00 per annum
Local and foreign vessels on arrival at JFP and SFP would need to report arrival and apply for port clearance to enter port. opens in a new windowReport of Arrival / Application for Port Clearance
JFP :
  • S$14.00 each (for foreign vessel)
SFP :
  • S$9.00 each (for local vessel)
Local and foreign vessels berthing at JFP and SFP would need to pay for berthing space on arrival. opens in a new windowApplication for Berthing Space at JFP & SFP
JFP :
  • S$60.00 (for foreign vessel less than 40 meters)
  • S$140.00 (for foreign vessel 40 meters and above)
SFP :
  • S$32.00 (for local vessel less than 40 meters)
  • S$140.00 (for foreign vessel 40 meters and above)

Marine Aquaculture Centre

The Marine Aquaculture Centre (MAC) of the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA), located on St John's Island in the open southern waters of Singapore, was set up to develop and harness technology to facilitate the development and expansion of large-scale hatchery and opens in a new windowfish farming production in Singapore and the region.

This Centre aims to:

  • Promote the reliable supply of a variety of tropical food fish to local consumers as well as establish benchmarks on price and quality of fish in our market;
  • Help stabilise Singapore's fish supply and reduce dependence on food fish caught from the seas since this is not sustainable in the long term;
  • To culture fish using good quality and healthy fry which can be grown to market size using good and safe farming practices e.g. minimal use of antibiotics and other drugs


Research & Development

MAC undertakes research and development in tropical marine aquaculture. Its programmes focus on fish reproduction, large-scale hatchery and fish farming technology development. To support these activities, MAC also addresses other related areas such as fish nutrition and feeding, fish health, the establishment of good aquaculture practices, monitoring of the fish farming environment and seawater re-use. Future breeding programmes will be on selective breeding so that fish are of better quality, in terms of faster growth or disease resistant.

MAC's outputs will facilitate marine aquaculture development and expansion in Singapore and the region. Cultured fry are in short supply and this is one of the bottlenecks to this development. MAC's pioneering work is therefore aimed at promoting a long-term sustainable supply of a wide variety of tropical food fish at affordable prices for consumers in Singapore.

MAC's efforts are also aimed at promoting large-scale deep netcage fish farming of tropical food fish species.



Large-scale hatchery technology

MAC is undertaking R&D in the following areas to develop large-scale hatchery technology:

  • Culture systems and operations for large-scale commercial production of fry at all the hatchery stages, namely spawning, egg collection and hatching, live larval feed production, larviculture, weaning, nursery
  • Seawater re-use technology
  • Developing optimal hatchery conditions and good hatchery practices
  • Live fish transportation methods
  • Hatchery fish health, feed and nutritional requirements
  • New/novel species - to study the potential of high-value fish species for hatchery technology development

Other hatchery-related technologies which will also have to be concurrently researched and developed by MAC are:

  • Fish reproduction technology- to close the reproductive cycles of key marine food fish species
  • Selective breeding - to improve brooder fish quality
  • Live fish larval food production - to improve the nutritional quality of live larval food, develop and improve culture technique for common live food micro-organisms such as algae and rotifers, and to identify other alternative live food
  • Inert larval feed supplements - to develop formulated larval feeds that can supplement or even eventually replace expensive live larval food
  • In fish biotechnology and other upstream molecular applications e.g. genetic selection to facilitate fish breeding, development of fish vaccines and diagnostic kits.


Large-scale deep netcage farming technology

MAC's efforts are also aimed at promoting large-scale deep netcage fish farming of tropical food fish species, such as the Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer), trevallys (Caranx spp), cobia (or black kingfish, Rachycentron canadum), snappers (Lutjanus spp), and pompano (Trachinotus blochii). MAC will maximize production rates, develop feeding strategies and optimize feed utilization for effective production of these tropical marine food fish.

A deep netcage fish farm has a complex mooring system that is anchored to the sea bed. Such a mooring system can withstand the swift currents that could prevail in open waters. Heavy duty high density polyethylene (HDPE) floating collars of 12.5 metres or more in diameter, and smaller squares are fitted into the grids of the mooring system and cage nets with a depth of 6 to more than 8 metres are secured to these frames. The deep cages allow for the stocking of more fish per square metre compared to the more traditional shallow coastal cages. The deep netcage fish farm is operated by skilled workers, with the use of mechanization and automation wherever possible, for example, automatic fish feeding and counting, and mechanized harvesting.

Post-Harvest Technology Centre

Post-Harvest Technology For Fruits and Vegetables

AVA provides technical expertise in the areas of post-harvest handling, packaging and quality assessment and assurance of vegetables. AVA has been largely active in the following areas:

  • Improving the quality and extending the shelf life of vegetables in Singapore
  • Increasing awareness of good quality vegetables and proper handling practices
  • Strengthening the network of vegetable farmers, processors, traders and retailers
  • Introducing and promoting cold chain management to the vegetable industry

AVA, together with various other external associations eg. the Singapore Fruits and Vegetables Importers and Exporters Association (SFVA), and makes continuous efforts to introduce new postharvest technologies to growers, importers and retailers to ensure a stable and adequate supply of safe, wholesome and fresh quality product for Singapore.


Research and development (R&D)

The Post-harvest Technology Department of AVA carries out various R & D projects dealing with vegetable post-harvest technology. Some of the areas of research include:

  • Establishing quality parameters for vegetables
  • Developing packaging technology for shelf-life extension of vegetables
  • Developing processing protocols for minimally processed vegetables
  • Cooling techniques and cold chain management for vegetables

processed-vegetables fresh-cut

Transfer of technology

Training courses and seminars on vegetable post-harvest technology are conducted for the local vegetable industry so as to upgrade their knowledge and skills. We conduct various types of training courses and seminars in Vegetables Post-Harvest Technology such as:

  • Introduction of Post-harvest of Fruits and Vegetables (for farmers and /or packers)
  • Post-harvest Handling of Fruits and Vegetables (supermarkets personnel)
  • Pre-cooling of Leafy Vegetables (vacuum cooling and/or forced-air cooling)
  • Minimally Processed Fresh Produce/Freshcut Processing

AVA also conducts courses on vegetable post-harvest technology for other countries so as to transfer technology, share information and knowledge as well as establish valuable networks with the technical institutions and personnel in other countries.

AVA is able to provide consultancy and technical assistance in vegetable processing and product development, ie Sensory Evaluation trials, to interested companies.



Post-Harvest Technology for Fish

Being strategically positioned in the midst of the major fishing countries in Southeast Asia, Singapore sees the opportunity to develop and expand its seafood processing industry. The industry has upgraded into a highly automated and high capacity fish product manufacturing business, catering for both domestic demand and export to the US, EU and Australia.

Since the late 1970s, AVA has been instrumental in turning the fish processing industry from a predominantly domestic, labour intensive, backyard industry into a mechanised and later automated, modern one that is growing in its export markets. This success is the result of years of working closely with and providing training to the industry as well as upgrading the skill-set through the introduction of Japanese technology adapted to suit the local industry. The use of alternate raw materials as well as mechanisation and the development of value-added products have also contributed to this success.

Notable among the contributions of AVA to the industry was introducing the concept of HACCP to the seafood processing industry, and assisting individual manufacturers to develop their own HACCP programmes. AVA also played a key role in assisting the local fish processors to set up the Seafood Industries Association, Singapore (SIAS). The SIAS represents the seafood processing, manufacturing and trading companies in Singapore. AVA continues to work closely with SIAS, SFMA (Singapore Food Manufacturers' Association) and other government agencies to upgrade the local fish processing industry.

With an aim to aid the local fish processing industry, AVA has been largely active in the following areas:

  • Assisting the aquaculture industry in promoting the utilisation of farmed fish through product development
  • Assisting the fish processing industry to develop HACCP systems
  • Assisting the fish processing industry in developing value-added products

The Post-Harvest Technology Centre (PHTC) is also the Collaborating Centre for the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC)’s Marine Fisheries Research Department (MFRD) programme on fisheries post-harvest technology. SEAFDEC is a regional inter-governmental organization of which Singapore is a member country. The MFRD programme aims to promote, undertake and co-ordinate research and development on fisheries post-harvest technology, including the processing, handling, preservation and quality assessment of fish and fish products, and transfer such technology to the region through training courses, seminars and workshops.

Currently, there are two projects under the MFRD programme which are being implemented by PHTC:

  1. Chemicals and Drug Residues in Fish and Fish Products in Southeast Asia – Biotoxins (ASP, AZA and BTX) and Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the ASEAN region;
  2. Traceability Systems for Aquaculture Products in ASEAN region.   
     

Research and development (R&D)

The AVA carries out R&D in fisheries post-harvest technology. Some of the areas of research include:

  • Developing value-added fish products from marine and aquacultured fish species (smoked fish, half-shelled frozen mussel)
  • Developing GMP for fishball and fishcake, battered and breaded fish and chicken products etc
  • Developing standard and quality testing methods for fishball and fishcake
  • Developing value addded mussel sauce from mussel broth (i.e. a by-product of cooked frozen half-shell mussel processing)
  • Developing good handling practices and techniques for seafood

Mussels-With-Mussel-Sauce smoked-cobia Fish-Ball-With-Whiteness


Transfer of technology

AVA organises study trips for industry members so that they can upgrade their knowledge and skills as well as establish valuable networks with seafood industries in other countries.

AVA also organises seminars and workshops on HACCP as well as fish processing and product development for the local seafood industry.

AVA is able to provide consultancy and technical assistance in fish processing, product development and sensory evaluations, to interested companies.

Sembawang Animal Quarantine Station

The Sembawang Animal Quarantine Station (SAQS) provides quarantine for imported dogs, cats and small mammals. This is to ensure that exotic diseases such as rabies are not introduced into Singapore.

Sembawang-Animal-Quarantine-Station
Services and fees

The SAQS provides a range of accommodation and pet services to enable your pet's stay to be as comfortable as possible.

The quarantine and related charges are:

  • Transport charge (from CAPQ/Tuas Checkpoint to SAQS : $74.00 per dog or cat per trip or $74 per consignment of small mammals per trip
  • Rabies vaccination (as required) : $65.00 per dog or cat
  • Quarantine fees
  • per dog or cat per day or part thereof (non-airconditioned) : $16.80
  • per dog or cat per day or part thereof (airconditioned) : $26.25
  • per small mammal consignment or room per day or part thereof : $26.25

The quarantine fees include veterinary examination and food for dogs and cats for the quarantine period. The fees does not include feed or bedding for small mammals and importers must arrange to visit their small mammals daily to feed them and clean their enclosures.


Field for dog walking

Fields are available for owners to walk their pets while in SAQS. 15-minute slots are available on a first come, first served basis and by booking only. Booking can be made up to 48 hours in advance by phone or over the registration counter.

Exercise hours:
Mon - Fri 4.00pm - 5.30pm
Sat 3.00pm - 5.30pm
Sun and Public Holidays Closed
Quarantine discharge hours:
Mon - Sun and Public Holidays 10.00 am - 12.00 pm
Contact Details

10 Lorong Chencharu Singapore 769197

For reservation of quarantine space, please contact AVA headquarter
Tel : (65) 6805 2992or AVA_Import&Export_Animals@ava.gov.sg

For enquiries of the status of your pets in Sembawang Animal Quarantine Station
Tel : (65) 6482 2724

How to get there

Transportation Route
Bus 167, 169, 171 and 980 (alight at the bus stop opposite or after Sembawang Golf Course)
MRT Yishun (transfer to bus 169 or 171)

Senoko Fishery Port

AVA operates two fishery ports at Jurong and Senoko. They provide 24-hour service daily to foreign and local fishing vessels for bunkering, discharging and transhipment of fish. The fishing ports enforce the opens in a new windowWholesome Meat and Fish Act, and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation and the opens in a new windowFisheries Act and its opens in a new windowsubsidiary legislation in respect of marketing and fishing harbour activities. The ports also house the wholesale fish markets whereby buyers can buy fish wholesale in bulk.

The non-regulatory functions such as maintenance of cleanliness and sanitation of the ports and its whole markets have been outsourced to a managing agent from 1 November 2005 onwards. The current managing agent at the ports is M/s CPG Facilities Management Pte Ltd

opens in a new windowPlease click for view more information on Jurong Fishery Port (JFP).


Location

The Senoko Fishing Port (SFP) is situated in the north of Singapore and has an area of 3.24 hectares. The port began operations in September 1997. It was constructed at a cost of about $26 million to replace the former Punggol Fishing Port.

opens in a new windowPlease click for view the location map.


Facilities

SFP serves as a home base for the local fishing fleet of 4 off-shore and 35 in-shore fishing vessels. The facilities available include a 180 metre-long jetty, a fish wholesale market, shops, canteen and office units for the convenience of the fishing community, as well as a computerised water-batching system for the dispensing of potable water to fishing vessels.


Supply of fish

There are 25 AVA-licensed fish merchants based at SFP, handling about 15000 tonnes of fish per annum. About half of this comprises supply landed by local fish trawlers, in-shore vessels, kelongs and fish farms, while the rest of the fish are imported.


Marketing and wholesale activities

SFP's fish wholesale market houses 36 market lots of 40 sq metres each. The business transactions take place daily from 0200 hrs to 0600 hrs, except on Monday mornings when the market is closed. Some 700 to 1000 fish retailers, fish processors and institutional buyers come daily to purchase fish.


Services and fees

SFP provides 24-hour service to the port and market users. The description and fees/charges for services provided by SFP are :

Services and fees
Description Form Fees/Charges
All personnel entering SFP would need to apply for an entry permit, which is renewable yearly. opens in a new windowApplication for Entry Permit to SFP
S$14.00 per annum
All foreign personnel entering SFP would need to apply for a restricted entry permit, which is renewable yearly. opens in a new windowApplication for Entry Permit (Restricted) to SFP
S$14.00 per annum
Local and foreign vessels on arrival at JFP and SFP would need to report arrival and apply for port clearance to enter port. opens in a new windowReport of Arrival / Application for Port Clearance (JFP & SFP)
JFP :
  • S$14.00 each (for foreign vessel)
SFP :
  • S$9.00 each (for local vessel)
Local and foreign vessels berthing at JFP and SFP would need to pay for berthing space on arrival. Application for Berthing Space at JFP & SFP
JFP :
  • S$60.00 (for foreign vessel less than 40 meters)
  • S$140.00 (for foreign vessel 40 meters and above)
SFP :
  • S$32.00 (for local vessel less than 40 meters)
  • S$140.00 (for foreign vessel 40 meters and above)
SFP also licenses commercial fishing vessels. The description and fees/charges for the services provided are:
Vessel operators operating an inboard fishing vessel would need to obtain a licence and provide information of the inboard vessel to AVA. The licence is renewable annually. opens in a new windowApplication for a Licence for an Inboard Fishing Vessel
S$175.00 per annum
Vessel operators would need to obtain a Fisherman Card as a fisherman onboard a SMF vessel. The Card is renewable annually. opens in a new windowApplication for Registration and Renewal of Fisherman Card (SMF vessel)
S$14.00 per annum
Vessel operators would need to obtain a Fisherman Card as a fisherman onboard an inshore fishing vessel. Applicant must be above 40 years old. The Card is renewable annually. opens in a new windowApplication for Registration as a Fisherman onboard an inshore fishing vessel
S$14.00 per annum

Veterinary Public Health CentreĀ 

The Veterinary Public Health Centre (VPHC), located at the Lim Chu Kang Agri-BioPark, is the cornerstone of AVA's integrated food safety programme. This Centre houses the AVA's food inspection services and laboratory testing services. Our multi-disciplinary team of skilled and dedicated professionals, scientists and experts continuously harnesses cutting-edge technology and sound science to deliver a one-stop service for food safety.

VPHC building

The specialised inspection and laboratory testing services at the VPHC provide vital support to our food safety monitoring and surveillance programmes. Our risk-based inspection programmes adhere to international standards, and our state-of-the art laboratories has the capability to detect a wide range of foodborne hazards.

Our team at the VPHC maintains vigilance against food safety challenges by constantly scanning the environment for new and emerging food safety threats. We keep abreast of changes and challenges by continuously updating our food inspection and surveillance programmes, and enhancing our food testing capabilities.


Stringent inspection checks to ensure food safety

The AVA's Surveillance & Compliance Division (SCD) and Quarantine & Inspection Division (QID) conduct stringent food safety checks on food imports and food processing establishments to enforce food safety standards. A science-based food inspection programme is used to verify and ensure that food manufacturers, importers, distributors and producers meet AVA's food safety requirements. To ensure alignment with international standards and regulations, we regularly review and update our food inspection programme.

Our officers from the Surveillance & Compliance Division (SCD) and Quarantine & Inspection Division (QID) conduct:

  • Checks on imported primary produce, livestock and processed food at the ports of entry;
  • Checks on farms, abattoirs, poultry slaughterhouses, meat, fish and food processing establishments, and cold storage facilities;
  • Checks on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) programmes of food processing establishments;
  • Monitoring and surveillance programmes;
  • Risk assessment and epidemiology studies.


Food safety vigilance through state-of the-art laboratory analyses

Foodborne hazards are invisible to the naked eye and detecting them is the domain of skilled professionals using sophisticated equipment. The VPHC houses AVA's Veterinary Public Health Laboratory (VPHL) which is staffed by highly competent scientists, and which is equipped with state-of-the-art testing equipment and facilities.

The VPHL is designated as an OIE Collaborating Centre for Food Safety by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2014. Its comprehensive range of analytical services covers tests for a wide spectrum of microbial and chemical contaminants, as well as drug and pesticide residues such as:

  • Chemical contaminants and chemical food additives;
  • Drug residues;
  • Pesticide residues;
  • Foodborne microbes;
  • Foodborne parasites;
  • Foodborne toxins;
  • Food and feed nutritional components;
  • Physical quality and food authenticity;
  • Genetically modified organisms

We use testing protocols which are in line with internationally recognised procedures and standards. We provide services such as opens in a new windowLaboratory Testing to support AVA's regulatory function, as well as to other government department and the private sector.

The VPHL strives to continuously sharpen its competencies in producing accurate testing results. We actively seek accreditation to international standards, and we have attained ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation under the opens in a new windowSingapore Accreditation Council Singapore Laboratory Accreditation Scheme. Our laboratory participates actively in interlaboratory proficiency programmes as part of our rigorous quality assurance programme.


Facilitation of food exports

The VPHC facilitates trade through the provision of inspection, testing and opens in a new windowexport health certification services to the food industry for the export of meat, fish and dairy products. Our inspection, testing and certification services are recognised in more than 40 importing countries, including Australia, New Zealand, Japan and the European Union.


Professional and dedicated staff

The success of VPHC lies in the competence, professional and dedication of the staff. We believe in developing and upgrading the competence of our staff through continuing education in their area of specialisation. Our training programmes aim to equip the Centre's multi-disciplinary team of experts and scientists with the confidence and ability to respond swiftly and effectively to emerging food safety threats, and to deliver quality service to our customers.


Our services




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