Pets & Animals

Assistance Dogs

An assistance dog is a dog trained to assist a person with a disability. The assistance dog would need to meet AVA’s prescribed requirements before AVA recognises it as an assistance dog for the purposes of import or export.

Before import or export, you would also need to make the necessary transportation arrangements with the airlines. See the International Air Transport Association website for more information.

Importing Assistance Dogs


The requirements and procedures for bringing assistance dogs into Singapore are stated in the Veterinary Conditions for the Importation of Assistance Dogs.

The steps below provide an overview of the requirements you need to follow.

1. Check that the breed of your dog is allowed in Singapore

Breeds of dogs not allowed in Singapore
  • Pit Bull, including:
  • Akita
  • Boerboe
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Neapolitan Mastiff
  • Tosa
  • Perro De Presa Canario
  • Crosses of the above
2. Ensure your dog fulfils AVA Veterinary Conditions and requirements for recognition as an assistance dog

Your assistance dog must meet AVA’s Veterinary Conditions and requirements for recognition as an assistance dog.

Download the Veterinary Conditions for the Importation of Assistance Dogs 23 Sept 2015 for more details on the conditions, which include requirements on vaccinations, blood tests, parasite treatment, etc.

Note that some conditions carry specific timeframes and vary according to the country of export.

The Veterinary Conditions document also specifies the requirements for AVA’s recognition of the assistance dog for the purposes of import, under “Eligibility of Assistance Dogs”. 

Requirements include the assistance dog’s training, your ongoing dependence on the assistance dog, etc.

3. Submit documentation to AVA for assessment of eligibility

Submit supporting documentation to AVA for assessment of your assistance dog’s eligibility for import before applying for an import licence. Examples of supporting documents include:

  • documentation confirming your disability and ongoing dependence on the assistance dog by a medical practitioner,
  • confirmation of training at a member organisation of ADI/IGDF,
  • supporting documentation that the assistance dog has been in assistance to the owner at least 6 months, etc.

4. Apply for AVA import licence

Apply for an import licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to bring your assistance dog into Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an import licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
Exception for frequent travellers

If you travel frequently with your assistance dog, you can apply to AVA for a multiple import licence which will remain valid till:

  • the expiry date of your assistance dog’s rabies vaccination, or
  • 1 year from the date of issuance, whichever is earlier.

5. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate

AVA requires a Veterinary Health Certificate certifying that your assistance dog meets the Veterinary Conditions and is healthy and free from any contagious or infectious disease prior to import.

Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate by following these steps:

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1: Download and print out the relevant Veterinary Certificate template attached in the Veterinary Conditions for the Importation of Assistance Dogs 23 Sept 2015.
STEP 2: Have your private veterinarian complete the Veterinary Health Certificate.
STEP 3: Have the completed Veterinary Health Certificate endorsed by the official government veterinarian of your dog's or cat's country of export.
Exception for assistance dogs returning within 7 days of export

If your assistance dog is returning to Singapore within 7 days of export and you are unable to obtain a government endorsed Veterinary Health Certificate, please do the following:

Track Description
If returning by air Make appointments for AVA veterinary inspection via the Inspection & Laboratory e-Services.

The appointment must be held:
  • 48 hours before leaving Singapore, and
  • upon returning to Singapore.

See step 7 (below) for more information on making appointments for inspection.
If returning by sea Obtain the following:
  • a health certificate from the last port of boarding, and
  • a captain's declaration stating that your assistance dog did not disembark or come into contact with other dogs during travel.
You can find the format for the captain's declaration in Annex C of the Veterinary Conditions for the Importation of Assistance Dogs 23 Sept 2015.
6. Make appointment for border control inspection

Your assistance dog must undergo inspection at AVA’s border control office (Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine Station or Tuas Checkpoint) upon arrival in Singapore.

Contact AVA Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine (CAPQ) office 5 days before arrival of the consignment to notify them of the planned date of arrival.

You can also refer to Animal Quarantine & AVA Border Control Checkpoints for more information on the checkpoints and inspections.

7. Inspection upon arrival in Singapore

Your imported assistance dog will undergo veterinary inspection upon arrival in Singapore. If all the veterinary conditions are met and the dog is clinically healthy on arrival, your dog will be released.

Exporting Assistance Dogs


For more information on the requirements for exporting your assistance dog, refer to Exporting Dogs & Cats. AVA does not have additional specific requirements for the export of assistance dogs.

Visit the website of the relevant government authority of your country of destination to find out if there are any special requirements for assistance dogs.

Exception for frequent travellers

If you travel frequently with your assistance dog, instead of applying for a one-time export licence, you can apply to AVA for a multiple export licence which will remain valid till: 

  • the expiry date of your assistance dog’s rabies vaccination, or
  • 1 year from the date of issuance, whichever is earlier. 

You are still required to meet all other export requirements. 


Transshipping Assistance Dogs


If you wish to transship your assistance dog via Singapore, refer to Transshipping Dogs or Cats via Singapore for AVA’s transshipment requirements and procedures. 

AVA does not have additional specific requirements for the transshipment of assistance dogs.


Small Mammals

Small mammals include rabbits, mice, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs and chinchillas, and are meant to be kept as pets.

Pet owners and commercial traders are required to meet AVA’s requirements when importing, exporting or transshipping small mammals into, out of or via Singapore.

Importing Small Mammals


You can bring in small mammals from any country as long as your consignments meet AVA’s import requirements.

Below is an overview of the steps to follow when importing small mammals. Download AVA’s Veterinary Conditions of Small Mammals for more details on the import requirements.

1. Ensure the small mammals fulfil AVA Veterinary Conditions

Ensure that the small mammals intended for import fulfil the veterinary conditions stated in the Veterinary Conditions of Small Mammals

Veterinary Conditions include treatment for parasites, no signs of certain diseases, etc. As some conditions carry specific timeframes, do read the conditions carefully.

Please note that personal pet owners have to have kept their small mammals as pets continuously since birth or for the past 6 months immediately prior to export.

For personal importers who wish to import directly from an overseas breeder or farm, please refer to the attached circular.  

2. Reserve quarantine space with AVA

All small mammals have to be placed under quarantine for a period of 2 weeks on arrival in Singapore. Please prepare proof of ownership if you have owned your small mammal for more than 6 months and attach it to your import license application.

For all others, please go to Animal Quarantine & AVA Border Control Checkpoints for more info on SAQS and reserving quarantine space.

3. Apply for Singapore Customs clearance
AVA import licence

Apply for an import licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to bring small mammals into Singapore. The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an import licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
Singapore Customs permit

Singapore Customs requires all pet owners bringing their pets into Singapore to apply for a customs permit via TradeNet for checkpoint clearance. 

For enquiries on the customs permit, please contact Singapore Customs officers at:


4. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate

AVA requires each imported consignment of small mammals to be accompanied by a Veterinary Health Certificate signed by a government veterinary authority or a registered veterinarian of the country of export.

5. Make an appointment for border control inspection

All small mammals arriving in Singapore must undergo inspection at AVA’s border control office (Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine Station or Tuas Checkpoint).

See Animal Quarantine & AVA Border Control Checkpoints for more information on making an appointment for inspection.

6. Inspection and quarantine upon arrival in Singapore

Your imported small mammals will undergo veterinary inspection upon arrival in Singapore. Upon clearing customs, the animals will be transported to the quarantine facility.

See Animal Quarantine & AVA Border Control Checkpoints for more information on the arrival procedures.

Additional Requirements for Commercial Importers


In addition to the steps listed above, commercial importers of small mammals must also ensure that the following requirements are met:

Approval of overseas facilities

Small mammals for commercial import must be derived from approved facilities.

Seek AVA’s approval of the facility before you apply for an import licence by supplying technical information of the breeding facility (e.g. name, address, type and population of animals, vaccination regime, etc.). You can do so via our Contact Centre.

Pet Shop Licence

In order to import pets for commercial purposes, you must first obtain a Pet Shop Licence.

Customs Clearance Permit

Before importing, you need to obtain a Customs Clearance Permit (CCP) online via Tradenet. This permit is for import clearance at border control checkpoints

For enquiries on the CCP, please contact Singapore Customs at (65) 6355 2000 or customs_documentation@customs.gov.sg.

Exporting Small Mammals


Exporters of small mammals are required to obtain an AVA export licence, as well as meet the import requirements of the country of destination.

1. Check the import requirements of your country of destination

Find out the import requirements of your country of destination. Some countries may require Veterinary Health Certification before small mammals can enter.

You can find the import requirements from the website of the relevant government authority of your country of destination.

2. Apply for an AVA Export Licence

Apply for an AVA Export Licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website within 30 days of leaving Singapore. Note that the licence is only valid for 30 days.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an export licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete document)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
3. Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate

This step only applies if your country of destination requires a Veterinary Health Certificate.

Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate issued by a private veterinarian by bringing your pet to any AVA-licensed veterinarian for examination. The certification statements needed on the health certificate, as well as its validity period, will depend on the requirements of your destination country.

Your country of destination may also require the Veterinary Health Certificate to be issued or endorsed by an official government veterinarian. There are 3 types of Veterinary Health Certificates you can obtain from AVA.

(a) Endorsement of importing country's Veterinary Health Certificate template

This refers to the manual endorsement of the importing country’s Veterinary Health Certificate template. You can obtain this template from the website of the relevant authority of your country of destination.

How to apply

  1. Bring your pet and the Veterinary Health Certificate template to a private veterinarian, who will complete and sign the certificate during the examination.
  2. Make an online application via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to have the Veterinary Health Certificate template endorsed at AVA.

    For a step-by-step guide to apply for the endorsement of the importing country’s Veterinary Health Certificate, please click here.

    Please retain the application number for reference and collection.

    Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific service for your required Veterinary Health Certificate endorsement.
  3. Pay a fee of S$23.
  4. Collect the official veterinary endorsement from AVA at:

    Address Operating Hours
    Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (Headquarters)
    52 Jurong Gateway Road
    #14-01
    Singapore 608550
    Mon - Thurs: 8:30am - 6:00pm
    Fri: 8:30am - 5:00pm
    Lunch Hour (closed): 1:00pm - 2:00pm
    Please bring:
    • the original completed Veterinary Health Certificate template, and
    • your application number.



(b) AVA electronically-issued watermarked Veterinary Health Certificate

This refers to the conversion of the veterinary health certificate issued by a private veterinarian into an electronically-issued official watermarked Veterinary Health Certificate.

How to apply

  1. Bring your pet to a private veterinarian for an examination and to obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate.
  2. Make an online application via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website for the watermarked Veterinary Health Certificate.

    For a step-by-step guide to apply for the watermarked Veterinary Health Certificate, please click here.

    Please retain the application number for reference and collection.
    Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific service for your required Veterinary Health Certificate endorsement.
    Attach the following supporting documents to your application:
    • the signed veterinary health certificate, and
    • your application number.
  3. Pay a fee of S$23 (issuance within 2 working days) or S$46 (issuance within 1 working day).
  4. Collect the Veterinary Health Certificate from AVA or print it yourself using a watermark-enabled printer. The Veterinary Health Certificate bears an optical watermark and electronic signature, and is printed in black and white. For more details, please see our template.

    Address Operating Hours
    Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (Headquarters)
    52 Jurong Gateway Road
    #14-01
    Singapore 608550
    Mon - Thurs: 8:30am - 6:00pm
    Fri: 8:30am - 5:00pm
    Lunch Hour (closed): 1:00pm - 2:00pm
  5. Note that the AVA watermarked veterinary health certificate is valid only 7 days from its date of issue.

(c) Endorsement of Veterinary Health Certificate issued by private veterinarian

This refers to the endorsement of the Veterinary Health Certificate to show that the veterinarian who issued the certificate is licensed by AVA.

How to apply:

  1. Bring your pet to a private veterinarian for an examination and to obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate
  2. Bring the original signed Veterinary Health Certificate to AVA for endorsement, and pay a fee of S$9.45. The process will take 1 working day.

    Address Operating Hours
    Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (Headquarters)
    52 Jurong Gateway Road
    #14-01
    Singapore 608550
    Mon - Thurs: 8:30am - 6:00pm
    Fri: 8:30am - 5:00pm
    Lunch Hour (closed): 1:00pm - 2:00pm

4. Make an appointment for pre-export inspection

This step applies to all commercial exporters and pet owners whose country of destination requires pre-export inspection.

Contact AVA Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine (CAPQ) office 5 days before departure of the consignment to notify them of the planned date of departure.

The inspection should be held at least 4 hours before departure time to allow sufficient time to transport your pet to the cargo terminal. Note that the inspection must be done during CAPQ operating hours.

Address Operating Hours
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Monday - Saturday:
8:00am - 1:00pm
2:00pm - 10:30pm
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays
Contact How to get there*
Tel: (65) 6545 7523
Fax: (65) 6545 3023
Bus: 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)

MRT: Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

*This travel information is meant for commuters without pets, as animals are not allowed on buses and MRT trains.

View the detailed directions to CAPQ.
5. Make Arrangements with Ground Handling Agents

Contact your selected airline to make pre-export arrangements with the Ground Handling Agent prior to your pet’s departure. There are 2 Ground Handling Agents for this purpose:

  • SATS Gateway Pte Ltd
  • DNATA Singapore

Before you transport your pet to the Ground Handling Agent on the day of departure, please ensure that the consignment of small mammals is accompanied by:

  • a copy of your AVA Export Licence,
  • the original Veterinary Health Certificate that meets the requirements of the country of destination, if required, and
  • any other additional supporting documents required by the country of destination.
SATS Location DNATA Location
SATS Terminal 5
20 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 918141
DNATA Outbound Terminal
50 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 819658

Additional Requirements for Commercial Exporters


In addition to the steps listed above, commercial exporters of small mammals must also ensure that the following requirements are met:

Pet Shop Licence

In order to export pets for commercial purposes, you must first obtain a Pet Shop Licence.

Customs Clearance Permit

Before exporting, you need to obtain a Customs Clearance Permit (CCP) online via Tradenet. This permit is for export clearance at border control checkpoints

For enquiries on the CCP, please contact Singapore Customs at (65) 6355 2000 or customs_documentation@customs.gov.sg.

Transshipping Small Mammals


Transshipping means travelling between countries and transiting via Singapore for a period of less than 24 hours.

To transship small mammals via Singapore, you will need an AVA Transshipment Licence.

Apply for AVA Transshipment Licence

Prepare the following documents in soft copy:

  • valid Veterinary Health Certificate, and
  • import permit from the importing country, if applicable.

Apply via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and upload the prepared documents.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the AVA Transhipment Licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
What happens during transshipment

For transit periods of more than 4 to 6 hours, your consignment of small mammals will be transferred to AVA’s Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine station (CAPQ).

For short transit periods of periods during CAPQ’s non-operating hours, the animals will be kept in the airline's animal holding area.

You are required to pay a fee of S$26.25 per kennel unit per day to accommodate your consignment of small mammals at CAPQ. Please note that feed will not be provided.

Ornamental Birds

Ornamental birds are intended for purposes other than consumption, and include pet birds and birds for breeding. Examples of ornamental birds are guinea fowls, partridges, parrots, parakeets, budgerigars, cockatoos, doves, peafowls, swans and finches.

Pet owners and commercial traders are required to meet AVA’s requirements when importing, exporting or transshipping ornamental birds into, out of or via Singapore.

Additional permits are required to import, export or re-export endangered ornamental birds listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Examples of endangered ornamental birds include macaws, cockatoos and all except 4 species of parrots*.

For more information on the endangered animal species listed under CITES, please see the CITES appendices.

* Certain parrots are listed as highly endangered species under CITES Appendix I. This listing means that commercial import, export or re-export of the bird is not allowed unless the bird is bred in captivity in operations or farms that are registered with the CITES or used for non-commercial purposes. The 4 non-CITES listed parrot species are the Peach-Faced lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis), Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) and Ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri).

Importing Ornamental Birds


Follow the steps provided below to import ornamental birds into Singapore.

Owners of ornamental birds can download our Factsheet on Importing Ornamental Birds for more information.

1. Check the Avian Influenza status of the country of export (i.e. source country)

The import of birds from countries affected by Notifiable Avian Influenza is not allowed. Refer to Notifiable Avian Influenza (NAI) Status of Countries for the list of countries and regions from which bird imports are currently suspended.

For consignments of birds originating from non-bird flu affected countries and transiting via bird flu affected countries before coming to Singapore, please seek AVA’s permission for the travel route.

Do note that the transit via bird flu affected countries must not exceed 6 hours.

2. Ensure the ornamental birds fulfil AVA Veterinary Conditions

Ensure that the ornamental birds fulfil the Veterinary Conditions for Birds (Other than Domestic Birds).

3. Apply for CITES import permit

This step only applies if you are importing CITES-listed ornamental birds.

If you intend to import CITES listed, endangered ornamental birds (for the list of CITES listed species, see the CITES appendices), you require:

  • a CITES import permit from AVA, and
  • a CITES export/re-export permit from the country of export

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1: Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from the competent authority of the country of export.
STEP 2: Obtain a CITES import permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific CITES permit application service.

The CITES import permit is valid for 90 days.
STEP 3: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum of S$60 per consignment.
4. Apply for Customs Clearance Permit
AVA import licence

Apply for an import licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to bring ornamental birds into Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an import licence, please click here.

The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$62 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$124 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence is valid for 1 consignment only
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to import up to 5 pet birds
Customs Clearance Permit

Each consignment must be accompanied by a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP) for import clearance at the port of entry. You can obtain a CCP online via TradeNet.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. For the list of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

5. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate

Each consignment of ornamental birds must be accompanied by a Veterinary Health Certificate signed by a government veterinary authority or a registered veterinarian of the country of export.

6. Inspection upon arrival in Singapore

Make an appointment for an ornamental bird inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 5 days before arrival. Pets arriving for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee.

At the port of entry in Singapore, the birds and supporting documents will be inspected by an AVA Officer. Your consignment will be released if the documents are in order and birds are healthy.

Additional Requirements for Commercial Importers


In addition to the steps listed above, commercial importers of ornamental birds must also obtain a Pet Shop Licence before importing the birds for commercial purposes.

Exporting Ornamental Birds


Exporters of ornamental birds are required to obtain an AVA export licence, as well as meet the import requirements of the country of destination. 

Owners of ornamental birds can download the Factsheet on Exporting Ornamental Birds for more information.

1. Check the import requirements of the country of destination

Find out the import requirements of the country of destination. Some countries may require Veterinary Health Certification and pre-export quarantine.

You can find the import requirements from the website of the relevant government authority of the country of destination.

2. Inform AVA of intended export

Inform AVA of your intended export at least 2 months before export, so that AVA officers can make arrangements with you for pre-export quarantine and certification preparations, if required.  

3. Apply for CITES export permit

This step only applies if you are exporting or re-exporting CITES-listed birds.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:

Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to log in and locate the specific CITES permit application service.

The CITES export/re-export permit is valid for 90 days.

STEP 2: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum of S$60 per consignment.
STEP 3: Obtain a copy of the CITES import permit from the competent authorities of the country of destination.
4. Apply for AVA export licence

Apply for an AVA Export Licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an export licence, please click here.

This licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific export licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$62 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$124 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence is valid for 1 consignment only
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 5 pet birds
5. Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate

This step only applies if your country of destination requires a Veterinary Health Certificate.

Obtain the Health Certification requirements from the country of destination.

Some countries require a Veterinary Health Certificate issued by a private veterinarian. You need to bring your pet to an AVA-licensed veterinarian for examination. The certification statements needed on the health certificate, as well as its validity period, will depend on the requirements of your destination country. 

Some countries require a Veterinary Health Certificate issued or endorsed by an official government veterinarian from AVA. Make an online application via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to have the Veterinary Health Certificate issued at AVA. You need to upload supporting documents, e.g.:

  • The template of the Health Certificate required by the country of destination
  • Pre-export quarantine/pre-export isolation records certified by your private veterinarian 
  • Laboratory test results
  • AVA export permit
  • CITES import and export permits
6. Make an appointment for pre-export inspection

This step applies to all commercial exporters and pet owners whose country of destination requires pre-export inspection.

Make an appointment for an ornamental bird inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 5 days before arrival. Pets arriving for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee.

The inspection will be conducted at AVA’s Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine station (CAPQ), at least 4 hours before departure time to allow sufficient time to transport your pet to the cargo or passenger terminal. 

Note that inspections must be done during CAPQ operating hours.

Address Operating Hours
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Monday – Saturday:
8.00am – 1.00pm
2.00pm – 10.30pm
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays
Contact How to get there*
Tel: (65) 6545 7523
Fax: (65) 6545 3023
Bus: 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)
MRT: Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

*This travel information is meant for commuters without pets, as animals are not allows on buses and MRT trains.

Download the detailed directions to CAPQ
7. Make Arrangements with Ground Handling Agents for birds travelling as cargo. 

Contact your selected airline to make pre-export arrangements with the Ground Handling Agent prior to export if your birds are travelling as cargo. There are 2 Ground Handling Agents for this purpose: 

  • SATS Gateway Pte Ltd
  • DNATA Singapore

Before you transport your pet bird consignment to the Ground Handling Agent on the day of departure, please ensure that the consignment is accompanied by:

  • a copy of your AVA Export Licence, 
  • the original Veterinary Health Certificate that meets the requirements of the country of destination, if required, and
  • any other additional supporting documents required by the country of destination (e.g. CITES permits).

SATS Location DNATA Location
SATS Terminal 5
20 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 918141
DNATA Outbound Terminal
50 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 819658

Additional Requirements for Commercial Exporters


In addition to the steps listed above, commercial exporters of ornamental birds must also ensure that the following requirements are met:

Pet Shop Licence

In order to export pets for commercial purposes, you must first obtain a Pet Shop Licence.

 

Customs Clearance Permit

Each consignment must be accompanied by a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP) for import clearance at the port of entry. You can obtain a CCP online via TradeNet.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. For the list of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

Transshipping Ornamental Birds


Transshipping means travelling between countries and transiting via Singapore for a period of less than 24 hours.

To transship ornamental birds via Singapore, you will need an AVA Transshipment Licence. Please note that birds from bird-flu affected countries are not allowed to transship through Singapore. 

Apply for AVA Transshipment Licence

Prepare the following documents in softcopy:

  • valid Veterinary Health Certificate, and
  • import permit from the importing country, if required.

Apply via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and upload the prepared documents.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the transshipment licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific transshipment licensing service.

Type of licence Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$62 (issuance within the same day)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence is valid for 1 consignment only
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (issuance within the same day)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to transship up to 5 pet birds
TradeNet declaration

Before transshipping, you need to submit a declaration of the transshipment online via Tradenet. Copies of the AVA transshipment licence and CITES export/import permits (from source and importing countries), where applicable, must be attached to the TradeNet declaration, which will be routed to AVA for processing and approval. 

For enquiries on TradeNet, please contact Singapore Customs at (65) 6355 2000 or customs_documentation@customs.gov.sg.

Make an appointment for transhipment inspection and accommodation at CAPQ

For transit periods of more than 4 to 6 hours during CAPQ’s operating hours and requiring accommodation at CAPQ, pet owners/agents/representatives are required to make an online inspection appointment via AVA’s AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/ at least 5 days before arrival. Pets arriving for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee aside from the $26.25 accommodation charge.

What happens during transshipment

For transit periods of more than 4 to 6 hours, your consignment of ornamental birds will be transferred to AVA’s Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine station (CAPQ). 

For shorter transit period or periods during CAPQ's non-operating hours, the birds will be kept animal holding area by ground handling agents.

You are required to pay a fee of S$26.25 per kennel unit per day or part thereof to accommodate your consignment of ornamental birds at CAPQ. Please note that feed will not be provided.

Horses

Generally horses are imported, exported out of or transhipped via Singapore for racing, polo or equestrian events.

Importing Horses


Generally, horses are imported into Singapore for racing, polo or equestrian events. 

Below are the steps importers must follow to bring horses into Singapore.

1. Ensure the horse fulfils AVA Veterinary Conditions

Veterinary conditions for:

* Note that horses from South Africa are not allowed import into Singapore.

2. Apply for an AVA import licence

Apply for an AVA import licence via LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) Services to bring horses into Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the import licence, please click here.

The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import Animals/Birds/Eggs/Biologics
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment

Supporting documents for application of AVA import licence for horses:

Mandatory document for all applications
  • Equine Influenza vaccination records (including name of vaccine, date of administration, and dose)
Additional documents (where applicable)
  • Vaccination records for 
    1. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, Western Equine Encephalitis
    2. Rabies
  • Laboratory test results for 
    1. Contagious Equine Metritis
    2. Equine Infectious Anaemia
    3. Equine Viral Arteritis
    4. Trypanosomiasis
    5. Piroplasmosis
    6. Hendra
    7. Nipah
3. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate and Equine Passport

AVA requires a Veterinary Health Certificate certifying that your horse meets the Veterinary Conditions, and is healthy and free from any contagious or infectious disease prior to import. AVA also requires each imported horse to be accompanied with an equine passport, which contains the horse silhouette and updated vaccination records.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1: Download and print out the Veterinary Certificate template attached in the relevant AVA Veterinary Conditions
STEP 2: Have your private veterinarian complete the Veterinary Health Certificate template and provide you with the equine passport, which contains the horse silhouette and updated vaccination records.
STEP 3: Have the completed Veterinary Health Certificate endorsed by the official government veterinarian of the horse’s country of export.

 

4. Book an inspection via AVA e-Service before your horse arrives in Singapore 

Make an appointment for a horse inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at http://www.ava.gov.sg/e-services. Submit your request at least 1 day before inspection, before 12.00pm.

5. Obtain a master’s/captain’s declaration

Your horse must be accompanied by a signed declaration from the master of the ship or the captain of the aircraft. Download and print the declaration template attached in the relevant AVA Veterinary Conditions.

6. Veterinary inspection upon arrival

Upon arrival at the port of disembarkation in Singapore, your horse will undergo inspection by an AVA Veterinary Officer. 

The officer will also examine and verify the accompanying documents:

  • AVA import licence
  • Equine passport
  • Original veterinary health certificate
  • Original laboratory test reports
  • Master’s/captain’s declaration

If your horse is found to be healthy and the documents are in order, the horse will be transported to Singapore Equine Quarantine Station (SEQS), for a minimum 14-day quarantine.

Exporting Horses


Follow the steps below to export horses from Singapore.

1. Check the import requirements of your country of destination

Find out the import requirements of your country of destination. Some countries may require Veterinary Health Certification before horses can enter.

You can find the import requirements from the website of the relevant government authority of your country of destination.

2. Apply for an AVA Export Licence

Apply for an AVA Export Licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website within 30 days of leaving Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the export licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific export licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
3. Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate

This step only applies if your country of destination requires a Veterinary Health Certificate.

Find out the health certificate requirements of the country of destination.

Some countries require a Veterinary Health Certificate issued by a private veterinarian. The certification statements needed on the health certificate, as well as its validity period, will depend on the requirements of your country of destination.

Some countries require a Veterinary Health Certificate issued or endorsed by an official government veterinarian from AVA. Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate issued at AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the veterinary health certificate, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific Veterinary Certificate application service.

You need to upload supporting documents, including:

  • template of the Health Certificate required by the country of destination,
  • pre-export quarantine/pre-export isolation records certified by your private veterinarian,
  • laboratory test results, and
  • AVA export licence.

The government veterinarian will need to inspect the horses prior to issuance of the AVA Health Certificate.

Transshipping Horses


Transshipping means travelling between countries and transiting via Singapore for a period of less than 24 hours.

To transship horses via Singapore, you will need an AVA Transshipment Licence.

Apply for AVA Transshipment Licence

Prepare the following documents in softcopy:

  • valid Veterinary Health Certificate, and
  • import permit from the importing country, if applicable.

Apply via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website, and upload the prepared documents.

For a step-by-step guide to apply for the transhipment licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.


Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
What happens during transshipment
Travel by air

During transshipment, horses will be held at the Changi Animal and Plant Quarantine station (CAPQ) at Terminal 6 of Changi Airfreight Centre.

Please contact the Ground Handling Agent prior to the date of transshipment to make the necessary arrangements. There are 2 Ground Handling Agents:

  • SATS Gateway Pte Ltd
  • DNATA Singapore

SATS Location
DNATA Location
SATS Terminal 5
20 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 918141
DNATA Outbound Terminal
50 Airport Boulevard, Singapore Changi Airport
Singapore 819658

Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine


Address Operating Hours
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Monday - Saturday:
8:00am - 1:00pm
2:00pm - 10:30pm
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays
Contact How to get there*
Tel: (65) 6545 7523
Fax: (65) 6545 3023
Bus: 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)
MRT: Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

*This travel information is meant for commuters without pets, as animals are not allows on buses and MRT trains.

Download the detailed directions to CAPQ

Travel by road

For transshipment by road between Singapore and Malaysia, contact AVA Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine (CAPQ) office 5 days before arrival of the consignment to notify them of the planned date of arrival.

Please note that horses may need to be escorted by AVA for transshipment by road via Singapore.

Wildlife & Endangered Species

Singapore is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), an international agreement to ensure that trade does not threaten wild animals and plants with extinction.

Parties regulate the import, export and re-export of CITES specimens including live, parts and products through a system of permits which are issued when certain conditions are met.

Please note that specific information on the import, export and transshipment of CITES-listed birds, fish, insects and plants can be found in the respective sections:

  • Ornamental Birds (above),
  • Ornamental Fish (below),
  • Insects & Other Invertebrates (below), and
  • Plants

CITES-listed species are categorised under 3 Appendices:

Appendix Description
Appendix I
  • Comprises highly endangered species
  • Trade is generally prohibited
  • Trade is permitted under special circumstances (e.g. zoos, bird parks, museums, etc.)
  • Trade of species captive-bred on CITES-registered farms is allowed with proper CITES permits
  • Examples: Apes, elephants, tigers, ladies' slipper orchids etc.
Appendix II
  • Comprises threatened species
  • Trade is allowed with proper CITES permits
  • Examples: Monkeys, tortoises, sturgeons, agarwood, etc.
Appendix III
  • Comprises species listed as protected by some countries
  • Trade to and from listing countries require proper CITES permits
  • Trade to and from non-listing countries require a Certificate of Origin
  • Examples: Walruses, mongoose, foxes, etc.

For more information on CITES and endangered species, see Endangered Animals.

To find out which animal and plant species are listed by CITES and in which Appendix they belong, refer to the CITES Appendices.

Travellers may download AVA’s Brochure on CITES for further information on carrying CITES-listed species into Singapore.

You can also download our Chinese language Brochure on CITES and TCM Trade (CHI).

Importing Wildlife


AVA regulates the import of CITES-listed animals (or their parts and derivatives) for any purposes, e.g. commercial, personal, zoological, museum etc.

Below is an overview of the steps required to bring CITES-listed and non-CITES listed animals into Singapore.

1. Obtain CITES export/re-export permit

This step only applies for CITES-listed animals

Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from the CITES management authority or competent authority of your country of export. 

You need this permit to apply for a CITES import permit from AVA.

For the list of CITES member countries and their contact details, refer to the National Contacts page on the CITES website.

Exception for Appendix III species

If you are importing an animal listed in CITES Appendix III from a country that does not list the animal as endangered, you will only need a Certificate of Origin from the CITES management authority or competent authority of your country of export.

You do not require the CITES export/re-export permit or the CITES import permit from AVA (i.e. skip step 2).

2. Obtain CITES import permit from AVA

This step only applies for CITES-listed animals

Apply for a CITES import permit from AVA online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website at least 1 week before the arrival of your consignment.

Please note that you will need to locate "CITES Permit" and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website. You are also required to submit your application along with a softcopy of your CITES export/re-export permit.

Permit
Cost and Validity
CITES Import Permit
  • S$12 per species, subject to a minimum of S$60 per consignment
  • Issuance after 2 working days of submission of complete documents
  • Process might take longer than 2 working days if verification of CITES export/re-export permit is required
  • Valid for 3 months from date of issuance
  • Each permit allows you to import 1 consignment

You can make payment:

  • via GIRO, or
  • over the counter through NETS or CashCard, or 
  • electronic payment through credit card or NETS

For more information on these payment modes, see:

Please note that all unused and/or expired CITES permits issued by AVA have to be returned to the AVA Wildlife Section for cancellation.

Address
Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (Headquarters)
52 Jurong Gateway Road
#14-01
Singapore 608550
3. Submit inward TradeNet declaration

This step is not required if you are hand-carrying CITES-listed species as personal effects. Please note that CITES permits are still required for personal effects.

To import CITES-listed and non-CITES listed animals, submit an inward declaration via TradeNet. You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. 

Please refer to the relevant list of Product Codes for TradeNet:

4. Apply for AVA Import Licence

Apply for an import licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to bring CITES-listed and non-CITES listed animals into Singapore. The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
5. Meet AVA's Veterinary Conditions

Ensure that wildlife consignments fulfil AVA’s Veterinary Conditions for the importation of various animals, as listed below:

6. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate

Each consignment of wildlife must be accompanied by a Veterinary Health Certificate, based on AVA's Veterinary Conditions, signed by a government veterinary authority of the country of export.

7. Inspection upon arrival in Singapore

Both CITES-listed and non CITES-Listed consignments may be subject to inspection by AVA or the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (ICA) at the point of import.

During inspection, present the following:

  • original CITES export/re-export permit from your country of export,
  • CITES import permit from AVA,
  • TradeNet Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP), and
  • any relevant shipping documents.

Make an appointment for an inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 1 day before arrival, before 12:00pm. Consignments for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee.

Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine

Address Operating Hours
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Monday - Saturday:
8:00am - 1:00pm
2:00pm - 10:30pm
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays
Contact How to get there*
Tel: (65) 6545 7523
Fax: (65) 6545 3023
Bus: 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)
MRT: Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

*This travel information is meant for commuters without pets, as animals are not allows on buses and MRT trains.

Download the detailed directions to CAPQ

Exporting or Re-Exporting Wildlife


Procedures for exporting/re-exporting CITES and non-CITES listed wildlife (or parts and derivatives) are as follows.

1. Obtain CITES export/re-export permit from AVA

This step only applies for CITES-listed animals.

Apply for a CITES export/re-export permit online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate "CITES Permit" and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

You are also required to submit your application along with supporting documents to prove legality of acquisition or ownership e.g. copy of CITES import permit, receipt, letter of transfer, etc.

Permit Cost and Validity
CITES Export/Re-export Permit
  • S$12 per species, subject to a minimum of S$60 per consignment
  • Issuance after 2 working days of submission of complete documents
  • Valid for 3 months from date of issuance
  • Each permit allows you to export/re-export 1 consignment

You can make payment:

  • via GIRO, or
  • over the counter through NETS or CashCard, or 
  • electronic payment through credit card or NETS

For more information on these payment modes, see:

Please note that all unused and/or expired CITES permits issued by AVA have to be returned to the AVA Wildlife Section for cancellation.

Address
Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (Headquarters)
52 Jurong Gateway Road
#14-01
Singapore 6085505
Exception for Appendix III species

If you are exporting or re-exporting an animal listed in CITES Appendix III to a country that does not list the animal as endangered, you will only need: 

  • a Certificate of Origin (for export), or 
  • a re-export certificate (for re-export).

You do not require the CITES export/re-export permit from AVA or the CITES import permit (i.e. skip step 2).

Apply for the CITES certificates online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the CITES permit application service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.​

You are also required to submit your application along with supporting documents to prove legality of acquisition or ownership e.g. copy of CITES import permit, receipt, letter of transfer, etc.

Certificate Cost and Validity
Certificate of Origin
  • S$29.40
  • Issuance after 2 working days of submission of complete documents
  • Valid for 3 months from date of issuance
  • Each certificate allows you to export/re-export 1 consignment
Re-export certificate
  • S$29.40
  • Issuance after 2 working days of submission of complete documents
  • Valid for 3 months from date of issuance
  • Each certificate allows you to export/re-export 1 consignment

You can make payment:

  • via GIRO or cheque, 
  • over the counter through NETS or CashCard, or 
  • electronic payment through credit card or NETS

For more information on these payment modes, see:

2. Obtain CITES import permit

This step only applies for CITES-listed animals.

Obtain a copy of the CITES import permit from the CITES management authority or competent authority of your country of destination, if the CITES species is listed under Appendix I or if the CITES import permit is a requirement of the importing country prior to your shipment.

For the list of CITES member countries and their contact details, refer to the National Contacts page on the CITES website.

3. Submit outward TradeNet declaration

This step is not required if you are hand-carrying CITES-listed species as personal effects. Please note that CITES permits are still required for personal effects.

For the export of CITES-listed and non-CITES listed animals, submit an outward declaration via TradeNet. You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. 

Please refer to the relevant list of Product Codes for TradeNet:

Please ensure that your consignment is accompanied by the original CITES permits (for CITES-listed species) or certificates and the TradeNet outward declaration permit before it leaves Singapore.

4. Obtain Certification of Species

The step only applies for non-CITES listed wildlife and your country of destination requires a Certification of Species.

Apply for Certification of Species to certify the non-CITES status of your intended exports, e.g. non-CITES snake species, swiftlets, etc.

Download, complete and submit the Application Form for Certification of Species, and pay a fee of S$22. The permit is valid for 3 months and allows you to export or re-export 1 consignment.

You can make payment:

  • via GIRO or cheque, or
  • over the counter via NETS or CashCard.

For more information on these payment modes, see:

5. Apply for AVA Export Licence

Apply for an AVA Export Licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to export CITES and non-CITES listed wildlife. The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific export licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Personal)
  • S$50 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$100 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
6. Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate

This step only applies if your country of destination requires a Veterinary Health Certificate.

Find out the Veterinary Health Certification requirements of the country of destination. If applicable, apply for an AVA Veterinary Certificate online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific Veterinary Health Certification service.

7. Inspection before leaving Singapore

Both CITES-listed and non CITES-Listed consignments may be subject to inspection by AVA or the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (ICA) at the point of export.

During inspection, present the following:

  • original CITES export/re-export permit from AVA,
  • a copy of the CITES import permit from the country of destination (if applicable),
  • TradeNet Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP), and
  • any relevant shipping documents.

Make an appointment for an inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 1 day before arrival, before 12:00pm. Consignments for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee.

Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine

Address Operating Hours
Gate C7, Airport Cargo Road
Changi Airfreight Centre
Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine
Singapore 918104
Monday - Saturday:
8:00am - 1:00pm
2:00pm - 10:30pm
Closed on Sundays and Public Holidays
Contact How to get there*
Tel: (65) 6545 7523
Fax: (65) 6545 3023
Bus: 9, 19 and 89 (alight at the 3rd bus stop after Police Pass Office, along Airline Road)
MRT: Bedok (transfer to bus 9), Tampines (transfer to bus 19)

*This travel information is meant for commuters without pets, as animals are not allows on buses and MRT trains.

Download the detailed directions to CAPQ

Laboratory Animals

Laboratory animals include:

  • Small mammals such as rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, rats and gerbils
  • Primates
  • Ferrets
  • Pigs
  • Embryos, ova and semen of small mammals

The import, export and transshipment of laboratory animals are regulated by AVA.

Only licensed institutions are allowed to import or export laboratory animals. See Licensing of Animal Research Facilities for more information on applying for the Licence for Animal Research Facility from AVA.

Importing Laboratory Animals


After obtaining the Licence for Animal Research Facility from AVA, you can follow the steps below to bring in laboratory animals.

1. Ensure imports are from accredited facilities

Your intended imports must be derived from facilities accredited by AVA. See the list of Accredited Exporters of Laboratory Animals for the accredited facilities you can import laboratory animals from.

This accreditation applies to facilities that export small mammals and ferrets.

2. Meet AVA Veterinary Conditions

Ensure that your intended imports meet AVA’s Veterinary Conditions, which include requirements such as health certification, quarantine and inspection by AVA.  

Download and carefully read through the relevant Veterinary Conditions documents provided below:

Additional requirements for genetically modified animals

Before importing genetically modified laboratory animals, you are required to apply for a prior assessment by the Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) as set out in the Genetic Modification Advisory Committee’s (GMAC’s) Singapore Bio-safety Guidelines for Research on GMOs.  

This is also required under the National Advisory Committee for Laboratory Animal Research's Guidelines on Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes (NACLAR). See NACLAR Guidelines for more information.

3. Apply for AVA import licence and Customs Clearance Permit
AVA import licence 

Apply for an import licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website to bring laboratory animals into Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an import licence, please click here.

The licence is valid for 30 days from date of issue.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Customs Clearance Permit

Obtain a Customs Clearance Permit (CCP) by submitting an inward declaration via TradeNet. You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. 

For the lists of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

4. Obtain Veterinary Health Licence

Each imported consignment of laboratory animals must be accompanied by a Veterinary Health Certificate signed by a government veterinary authority or a registered veterinarian of the country of export. 

See the relevant Veterinary Conditions documents (provided in Step 2) for more details on what the certificate should certify.

5. Make an appointment for border control inspection

Make an appointment for an inspection by submitting an online booking request via AVA’s Intelligent Food Approval & Safety Tracking System (iFAST) at https://ifast.ava.gov.sg/eserviceweb/. Submit your request at least 1 day before arrival, before 12:00pm. Consignments for inspections without any prior appointment will be subject to an $80.00 inspection fee.

6. Inspection and quarantine upon arrival in Singapore

Upon the laboratory animals’ arrival at the port of disembarkation in Singapore, the animals and documents (e.g. AVA import licence, veterinary certificate, etc.) will be examined by an authorised AVA officer. 

If the documents are in order and your animals are found to be healthy, the laboratory animals will be released. 

You can proceed to bring them to your laboratory facility or approved quarantine facility for quarantine, if required.

Laboratory animals which require quarantine for at least 30 days include:

  • Primates
  • Ferrets
  • Pigs

Note that the quarantine facility must be inspected and approved by AVA.

Exporting Laboratory Animals


After obtaining the Licence for Animal Research Facility from AVA, you can follow the steps below to export laboratory animals.

1. Check the import requirements of your country of destination

Find out the import requirements of your country of destination. Some countries may require Veterinary Health Certification or testing for diseases before laboratory animals can enter.

You can find the import requirements from the website of the relevant government authority of your country of destination.

2. Apply for AVA export licence and Customs Clearance Permit
AVA export licence

Apply for an AVA export licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website within 30 days of leaving Singapore.

For a step-by-step guide to apply an export licence, please click here.

The licence is only valid for 30 days.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific import licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, issuance within 2 working days of submission of complete documents)
  • S$174 (express service, issuance within 1 working day of submission of complete documents)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
Customs Clearance Permit

Obtain a Customs Clearance Permit (CCP) by submitting an outward declaration via TradeNet. You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes.

For the lists of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

3. Obtain Veterinary Health Certificate

This step only applies if your country of destination requires a Veterinary Health Certificate.

Obtain a Veterinary Health Certificate issued by a private veterinarian by bringing the laboratory animals to any AVA-licensed veterinarian for examination. The certification statements needed on the health certificate, as well as its validity period, will depend on the requirements of your destination country.

Your country of destination may also require the Veterinary Health Certificate to be issued or endorsed by an official government veterinarian. Submit this health certificate to AVA for conversion to a government health certificate or for endorsement.

You can apply for conversion online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

For a step-by-step guide to apply a veterinary health certificate conversion, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific certificate endorsement or conversion service.

Conversion of the health certificate takes 1 working day to process and costs S$23 per certificate.

Endorsement of health certificate may be done within the same day and costs S$9.45 per endorsement.

4. Send your laboratory animals for tests

This step only applies if your country of destination requires testing for disease.

AVA provides laboratory diagnostic services at the Animal and Plant Health Centre.

Contact the centre at:
Tel: (65) 6316 5168 / (65) 6316 5188
Fax: (65) 6316 1090

Transshipping Laboratory Animals


To transship laboratory animals via Singapore, you will need an AVA transshipment licence. 

Apply for AVA transshipment licence

Prepare a copy each of the following supporting documents:

  • valid health certificate, and
  • import permit or import licence from the importing country (if required by your country of destination)

Apply for a transshipment licence via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and attach the prepared supporting documents.

For a step-by-step guide to apply a transhipment licence, please click here.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific transshipment licensing service.

Type of licence
Cost and validity
Licence to Import/Export/Transship Animals, Birds, Eggs and Biologics (Commercial)
  • S$87 (normal service, same day issuance)
  • Valid for 30 days from date of issuance
  • Each licence allows you to export 1 consignment
What happens during transshipment

For transit periods of more than 4 to 6 hours, your consignment of laboratory animals will be transferred to AVA’s Changi Animal & Plant Quarantine station (CAPQ)

For shorter transit periods or periods during CAPQ’s non-operating hours, the animals will be kept in the airline's animal holding area.

You are required to pay a fee of S$26.25 per kennel unit per day to accommodate your consignment of laboratory animals at CAPQ. Please note that feed will not be provided.

Live Food Fish for Breeding Purposes

Live food fish refers to any species of food fish intended to be farmed for further grow-out, and includes crustacea, shellfish, echinoderm, mollusc, and their young and eggs. Examples include live carp fry, live lobster fry, live prawn breeder, etc.

Please note that live food fish for breeding purposes does not include fish and fish products meant for consumption. For more information on fish and fish products for consumption, see Commercial Food Imports.

Licensing of Live Food Fish Traders


Before you import or export live food fish, you must obtain a Licence for Import/Export/Transshipment of Meat and Fish Products.

Traders applying for the licence must first meet the following pre-requisites.

1. Register the company with ACRA

Your trading company or business must be registered with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) before conducting business in Singapore.

ACRA issues a Unique Entity Number (UEN) to all Singapore-registered companies.

2. Register and activate UEN with Singapore Customs

Companies must register and activate their UEN with Singapore Customs if they intend to import, transship and export live food fish for breeding purposes.

Please refer to the Singapore Customs circular on the Activation of Customs Account or contact Singapore Customs at (65) 6355 2000 for more details.

3. Open and maintain a GIRO account

In addition, you must open and maintain a GIRO account* with AVA for the payment of fees and permits.

Download, complete and submit the Application Form for Interbank GIRO. For more information on the GIRO payment mode, see GIRO.

*If you need to change your GIRO account with AVA, you have to re-submit a new GIRO application form. You are also required to maintain the existing GIRO account until the new GIRO account is approved, as your licence may be suspended if you do not have a GIRO account with AVA.

4. Apply for Licence

If you meet the above pre-requisites, you can apply for the Licence for Import/Export/Transshipment of Meat and Fish Products online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate the specific licensing service.

The licence costs S$84 and is renewable annually.

Importing Live Food Fish for Breeding Purposes


Licensed traders can import live food fish for breeding purposes by submitting an inward declaration online via TradeNet.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Please refer to the List of Product Codes for Import/Export of Live Food Fish (for Farming).

 All permit applications must be submitted in TradeNet before:

- 5.30pm from Monday to Thursday, and
- 5.00pm on Friday.

 This is to facilitate processing within the same day. Any applications made during Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays will be processed on the next working day.

Exporting Live Food Fish for Breeding Purposes


Licensed traders can export live food fish for breeding purposes by submitting an outward declaration online via TradeNet.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Please refer to the List of Product Codes for Import/Export of Live Food Fish (for Farming).

All permit applications must be submitted in TradeNet before:

 - 5.30pm from Monday to Thursday, and
 - 5.00pm on Friday.

 This is to facilitate processing within the same day. Any applications made during Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays will be processed on the next working day.

Export Health Certificates for Live Food Fish for Breeding Purposes

Before exporting, you are advised to visit the website of the competent authority of your country of destination to find out if your live food fish export requires an accompanying export health certificate.

You may apply for a health certificate for the export of live food fish for breeding via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website, if the country of destination requires such export certifications.

Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate "Health Certificate for Export of Live Foodfish for Breeding".

Exporters will need to have their fish consignments inspected before an export health certificate is issued for this consignment. A professional service fee will apply for the inspection, at S$63 per hour for normal service and S$133 per hour for express service.

Each export health certificate costs S$16.80 and takes 1 working day to process. Express service with same day certificate issuance is available at S$33.60 per certificate.

Note that the export health certificate is valid for only 10 days from the date of issue.

Ornamental Fish

Ornamental fish refers to ornamental varieties of marine, brackish water or fresh water:

  • fishes,
  • crustacea,
  • aquatic mollusca,
  • turtles,
  • marine sponges,
  • trepang, and
  • any other form of aquatic life, including the young and eggs thereof.

It excludes fish and fish products intended for human consumption.

Generally, only licensed traders are allowed to import, export or transship ornamental fish. Exceptions apply to travellers bringing or taking ornamental fish into or out of Singapore for personal purposes (i.e. as pets).

Please refer to the section on "Personal Allowance for Ornamental Fish" below for more information.

Licensing of Ornamental Fish Traders


Only licensed traders may import, export or transship ornamental fish for commercial purposes. Below are the steps to obtain the Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish.

1. Meet the pre-requisites

Before you apply for the licence, please read through AVA’s Explanatory Notes for Import or Export of Ornamental Fish. Do note that you must meet the following requirements to apply:

  • You must be a Singapore Citizen, Permanent Resident or an Employment Pass Holder
  • You must be the manager of a business firm registered under the Business Registration Act or the director of a company registered under the Company Registration Act
  • If you are self-employed, ensure that your Medisave contributions are up-to-date
2. Obtain prior approval of premises from AVA

You must obtain prior approval from AVA for the use of your premises intended for import, export or transshipment activities of ornamental fish.

The premises must have facilities for holding, packing and quarantine of ornamental fish.

For more information on good management practices of premises, please download our guide on Good Management Practices for Ornamental Fish Import/Export Premises.

3. Open and maintain GIRO account

Open and maintain a GIRO account with AVA for the payment of fees and permits by downloading, completing and submitting the Application Form for Interbank GIRO via mail to AVA.

If you need to change your GIRO account with AVA, you have to re-submit a new GIRO application form. You are also required to maintain the existing GIRO account until the new GIRO account is approved, as your licence may be suspended if you do not have a GIRO account with AVA.

4. Obtain Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish

Apply for a Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website. Please note that you will need to locate the specific licensing service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Licence
Cost and Validity
Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish
  • S$350 per licence
  • Renewable annually

Ensure that you submit your online application with the following supporting documents:

  • Floor plan of your packing premises designated for import or export activity of ornamental fish
  • A copy of letter on Unique Entity Number (UEN) issued to your company by UEN Issuance agency
  • A copy of the tenancy or lease agreement of the premises (if applicable)

Ornamental Fish Newsletters


You can refer to AVA’s Ornamental Fish Newsletters for more information on ornamental fish trade:


Importing Ornamental Fish


The following is an overview of the steps required to import ornamental fish into Singapore for commercial purposes.

Do note that import, export and possession of piranhas are strictly prohibited in Singapore.

1. Obtain import health certification

You are required to obtain import health certification issued by the competent authority of the country of origin if your intended imports include ornamental species susceptible to any of the following diseases:

  • Spring viraemia of carp (SVC)
  • Koi herpesvirus disease (KHV)
  • Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS)
  • Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis (EHN)
  • White spot disease (WSD)
  • Furunculosis (Aeromonas Salmonicida)

Refer to the Animal Health Certification Requirements for Import of Ornamental Fish into Singapore for more information.

Additional requirements for Re-Export to Australia

For marine ornamental fish imported into Singapore for re-export to Australia, the competent authority is also required to assure:

  • the disease status of the fish, and that
  • the fish are wild-caught only, from areas at least 5 kilometres from any finfish aquaculture operation and have not come into contact with water, equipment or fish associated with farmed food fish.

For further clarification on importing ornamental fish, you may contact:

  • Mr Lester Lee at (65) 6481 4802, or
  • Ms Rasyiqah Rosli at (65) 6481 3845.
2. Apply for import permit

You will require an import permit to import ornamental fish. In addition, import of fish that are listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) would require CITES permits.

CITES-listed ornamental fish species include Asian arowanas (Dragonfish), seahorses and giant clams. For the list of CITES-listed species, refer to the CITES Appendices.

Non-CITES listed fish

Apply for an AVA permit by declaring your import through TradeNet. The permit comes in the form of a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP), and is valid for 2 weeks.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Please refer to the List of Product Codes for Import/Export of Ornamental Fish.

CITES-listed fish

If you intend to import CITES-listed fish (i.e. endangered species), you will require:

  • a CITES export/re-export permit from the country of export,
  • a CITES import permit from AVA, and
  • a TradeNet import permit for the import of ornamental fish.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from the competent authority of your country of export.
STEP 2:
Obtain a CITES import permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific CITES permit application service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.
STEP 3: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum total fee of S$60.
STEP 4: Submit an inward TradeNet declaration via TradeNet to obtain an import permit.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. For the lists of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

You are also required to include the relevant CITES documentation and import health certificate (if applicable) as supporting documents for this application.

All permit applications must be submitted in TradeNet before:

 - 5.30pm from Monday to Thursday, and
 - 5.00pm on Friday.

 This is to facilitate processing within the same day. Any applications made during Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays will be processed on the next working day.

3. Additional requirements for GMOs

The import of genetically modified fish or transgenic fish requires a written approval from the AVA before import.

The import of genetically modified fish or transgenic fish into Singapore for commercial release or research purposes requires a risk assessment by the Genetic Modification Advisory Committee (GMAC).

AVA, on the advice of GMAC, will then determine if the fish can be safely imported.

For information on GMAC and its guidelines, please refer to the GMAC website.

Exporting Ornamental Fish


Licensed traders who intend to export ornamental fish from Singapore are required to fulfil AVA’s export requirements, as well as the import requirements of the country of destination.

1. Check the import requirements of your country of destination

Find out the import requirements of your country of destination. Some countries may require ornamental fish export health certificates to be issued by the competent authority of the exporting country.

You can find the import requirements from the website of the relevant government authority of your country of destination.

2. Apply for export permit

You will require an export permit to import ornamental fish. In addition, export of fish that are listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) would require CITES permits.

CITES-listed ornamental fish species include Asian arowanas (Dragonfish), seahorses and giant clams. For the list of CITES-listed species, refer to the CITES Appendices.

Non-CITES listed fish

Apply for an AVA permit by declaring your export through TradeNet. The permit comes in the form of a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP), and is valid for 2 weeks.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Please refer to the List of Product Codes for Import/Export of Ornamental Fish.

CITES-listed fish

If you intend to export CITES-listed fish (i.e. endangered species), you will require:

  • a CITES export/re-export permit from AVA,
  • a CITES import permit from the country of destination, and
  • a TradeNet export permit.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific CITES permit application service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.
STEP 2: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum total fee of S$60.
STEP 3: Obtain a CITES import permit from the competent authority of your country of destination.
STEP 4: Submit an outward TradeNet declaration via TradeNet to obtain an export permit.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. For the lists of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.

All permit applications must be submitted in TradeNet before:

- 5.30pm from Monday to Thursday, and
- 5.00pm on Friday.

 This is to facilitate processing within the same day. Any applications made during Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays will be processed on the next working day.

3. Apply for an ornamental fish export health certificate from AVA

This step only applies if your country of destination requires an accompanying ornamental fish export health certificate.

Apply for health certification by following the steps listed below:

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Check with the importing country for specific export health certificate requirements.
STEP 2: Apply for a Health Certificate for Export of Ornamental Fish online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific certification service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing)website.
STEP 3: Submit the relevant attachments detailing the specific health certification requirements of the country of destination.
STEP 4: Pay a fee of S$16.80 per certificate.

Each certificate is valid for 10 days from date of issue and takes 1 working day to process. Same day issuance (i.e. express service) is available at a fee of S$33.60.
STEP 5: AVA will arrange for an inspection of your consignment prior to approval of the health certificates. A professional inspection fee of the following will be imposed for non-accredited members:
  • S$63 per hour for inspection during office hours, and
  • S$133 per hour for inspection outside office hours or on an urgent basis.

 AVA Quality Assurance Scheme

If you are a regular exporter, you may consider joining the AVA Quality Assurance Scheme (AQUAS). AQUAS covers the costs for laboratory analysis of fish diseases covered under the surveillance and sampling programme for accredited members.

Transshipping Ornamental Fish


Apply for a transshipment permit via TradeNet. You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Please refer to the List of Product Codes for Import/Export of Ornamental Fish.

Note that you are required to first obtain a Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish.

 All permit applications must be submitted in TradeNet before:

- 5.30pm from Monday to Thursday, and
- 5.00pm on Friday.

 This is to facilitate processing within the same day. Any applications made during Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays will be processed on the next working day.




Personal Allowance for Ornamental Fish

If you are bringing or taking ornamental fish into or out of Singapore as pets, you do not need to obtain the Licence to Import or Export Ornamental Fish, as long as you keep within the personal allowance stated in the sections 'Bringing in Ornamental Fish' and 'Taking Ornamental Fish Abroad' below.

Please note that this only applies to traveller’s baggage and not to items shipped by cargo.


Bringing in Ornamental Fish


You may bring in ornamental fish from any country as long as the required conditions are met. If you intend to bring in ornamental fish in quantities exceeding the stated personal allowances or via cargo, you will require an ornamental fish import permit via TradeNet.

While you do not require an import permit from TradeNet if you keep within the personal allowance, you might still be required to apply for an import permit from AVA.

Ornamental fish brought in by travellers generally fall into 2 categories:

  • Species which do not require an import permit from AVA
  • Species which require an import permit from AVA
Species which do not require an import permit from AVA

The import of the following species does not require an import permit from AVA.

Please note that if you are bringing in species listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), you are required to apply for CITES permits before import.

CITES-listed ornamental fish species include Asian arowanas (Dragonfish), seahorses and giant clams. For the list of CITES-listed species, refer to the CITES Appendices.

CITES-listed Species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Asian arowana (Dragonfish)
  • 1 fish in no more than 3 litres of packing water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 2 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Hard/CITES corals/Calcareous algae rocks
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Seahorse
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Giant clams
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Apply for CITES permits

Apply for the required CITES permits by following the steps listed below:

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from the competent authority of your country of export.
STEP 2: Obtain a CITES import permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific CITES permit application service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.
STEP 3: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum total fee of S$60.

For more information on bringing in Asian arowana (Dragonfish), you can also refer to our Factsheet on Bringing Dragonfish into Singapore.

Non-CITES listed species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Fish (excludes kois and carps)
  • 30 pieces packed in no more than 3 litres of water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 60 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Marine invertebrates (Non-swimming, e.g. soft corals, starfish, sea cucumbers, etc.)
  • 5 pieces of not more than 5 kg in total weight per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces of not more than 10 kg in total weight per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Combinations of the above (both CITES and non-CITES) may be imported by travellers but the total quantity must not exceed 5 kg and the quantity of each item must be within the respective stated limit.

Species which require an import permit from AVA

The import of the species listed below requires an import permit from AVA.

Non-CITES listed species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Kois/carps (Cyprinus carpio)
  • 30 pieces packed in no more than 3 litres of water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 60 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Apply for import permit from AVA

Apply for an import permit from AVA before you bring your ornamental fish into Singapore. You are required to pay a permit fee of S$3.50 per consignment.

Notes for travellers

These guidelines apply to species allowed for import under Singapore laws. If you are not sure if the species you intend to bring in is allowed or requires CITES permits, do clarify with AVA before import. When in doubt, please declare your items to the ICA officers.

Contact the Ornamental Fish general office at (65) 6751 9804 for more information on applying for an import permit from AVA and bringing ornamental fish into Singapore.

Taking Ornamental Fish Abroad


You may take ornamental fish abroad as long as the required conditions are met.

If you take ornamental fish abroad in quantities exceeding the stated personal allowances or via cargo, you will require a TradeNet export permit, which can only be obtained by licensed traders of ornamental fish.

See main section "Ornamental Fish" above for more information.

While you do not require an export permit from TradeNet if you keep within the personal allowance, you might still be required to apply for an export permit from AVA.

Ornamental fish taken abroad by travellers generally fall into 2 categories:

  • Species which do not require an export permit from AVA
  • Species which require an export permit from AVA
Species which do not require an export permit from AVA

The export of the following species does not require an export permit from AVA.

Please note that if you are taking abroad species listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), you are required to apply for CITES permits before export.

CITES-listed ornamental fish species include Asian arowanas (Dragonfish), seahorses and giant clams. For the list of CITES-listed species, refer to the CITES Appendices.

CITES-listed species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Asian arowana (Dragonfish)
  • 1 fish in no more than 3 litres of packing water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 2 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Hard/CITES corals/Calcareous algae rocks
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Seahorse
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Giant clams
  • 5 pieces per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Apply for CITES permits

Apply for the relevant CITES permits by following the steps listed below.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific CITES permit application service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.
STEP 2: Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum total fee of S$60.
STEP 3:
Obtain a CITES import permit from the competent authority of your country of destination.

For more information on taking Asian arowana (Dragonfish) abroad, you can also refer to our Factsheet on Bringing Dragonfish out of Singapore.

Non-CITES listed species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Fish (excludes kois and carps)
  • 30 pieces packed in no more than 3 litres of water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 60 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)
Marine invertebrates (Non-swimming, e.g. soft corals, starfishes, sea cucumbers, etc.)
  • 5 pieces of not more than 5 kg in total weight per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 10 pieces of not more than 10 kg in total weight per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Combinations of the above (both CITES and non-CITES) may be exported by travellers but the total quantity must not exceed 5 kg and the quantity of each item must be within the respective stated limit.

Species which require an import permit from AVA

The import of the species listed below requires an import permit from AVA.

Non-CITES listed species
Type of ornamental fish
Personal allowance (Maximum amount allowed without a licence from AVA)
Kois/carps (Cyprinus carpio)
  • 30 pieces packed in no more than 3 litres of water per person per trip
  • Subject to a maximum of 60 pieces in no more than 6 litres of water per car (2 or more persons must be present in the car)

Apply for export permit from AVA

Apply for an export permit from AVA before you take your ornamental fish abroad. You are required to pay a permit fee of S$3.50 per consignment.

Contact the Ornamental Fish general office at (65) 6751 9804 for more information on applying for an export permit from AVA and taking ornamental fish abroad.

Notes for travellers

Please note that these export limits may not be similar to the personal limits of the importing country for these commodities, if any.

You are as such advised to check the import requirements from the relevant authority of the destination country. Some countries may also require an accompanying ornamental fish export health certificate issued by the competent authority of the exporting country.

Apply for ornamental fish export health certificate

Apply for health certification by following the steps listed below:

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Check with the importing country for specific health certification requirements.
STEP 2:
Apply for a Health Certificate for Export of Ornamental Fish online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to locate the specific certification service and log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.
STEP 3:
Submit the relevant attachments detailing the specific health certification requirements of the country of destination.
STEP 4:
Pay a fee of S$16.80 per certificate.

Each certificate is valid for 10 days from date of issue and takes 1 working day to process. Same day issuance (i.e. express service) is available at a fee of S$33.60.
STEP 5:
AVA will arrange for an inspection of your consignment prior to approval of the health certificates. A professional inspection fee of:

  • S$63 per hour applies for inspection during office hours, and
  • S$133 per hour applies for inspection outside office hours or on an urgent basis.

Amphibians & Reptiles

In general, amphibians and reptiles are not allowed to be imported as pets. 

The only reptile you are allowed to bring into Singapore as a pet is the Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans).

For the import and export of other amphibians and reptiles for other purposes (e.g. zoological), refer to the section "Wildlife & Endangered Species" above.


Importing Amphibians & Reptiles


If you wish to bring Red-eared sliders into Singapore as pets, you will require a Letter of Authorisation from AVA. 

Apply for the letter by downloading, completing and submitting the Application Form for Letter of Authorisation to AVA via mail. 

This applies to both commercial and personal imports.

Insects & Other Invertebrates

Invertebrates include all living annelids (e.g. earthworms), arthropods (e.g. insects, mites) and mollusks (e.g. snails, slugs).

Agriculturally important invertebrates that come under AVA’s regulation fall into 2 categories:

  • agricultural pests, and
  • non-agricultural pests.

Agricultural pests are invertebrates that have direct impact on plant health if they are not properly managed. Examples include crickets, grasshoppers and silkworms. Crickets and grasshoppers are typically imported as bird and fish feed.

Non-agricultural pests are invertebrates that have no impact or no direct impact on plant health. Examples include centipedes and scorpions.

 Some invertebrates may also be endangered and listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The import and export of such invertebrates requires additional permits.

For more information on the endangered animal species listed under CITES, please see the CITES appendices

For more information on importing or exporting agriculturally important micro-organisms (e.g. bacteria, fungi, etc.), please see section "Micro-organisms" below.

The transshipment of insects and other invertebrates is not regulated by AVA.


Importing Insects & Other Invertebrates


The following is an overview of the steps required to bring invertebrates into Singapore.

For more information on the import conditions for invertebrates, download Plant Import Health Requirements - Insects and micro-organisms of agricultural importance.

Do note that imported invertebrates are not allowed to be kept as pets.

1. Obtain prior approval from AVA

The import of all invertebrates requires prior approval from AVA.

Apply for the written approval by providing the following information to AVA for Import Risk Analysis:

  • Purpose of import
  • Quantity of import
  • Technical details of the organism, i.e.:
    • Scientific name (up to species level)
    • Source of supply
    • Life history
    • Optimum temperature for survival
    • Nature and type of food range

If the risk is considered acceptable, AVA will grant you prior approval.

2. Provide assurance of bio-security measures

AVA’s prior approval will indicate whether your intended imports are considered as agricultural pests. If so, you must provide AVA with assurance of bio-security measures.

The following are the different assurances you may have to provide:

  • For regular imports (i.e. more than 1 application per 12 months), participate in the Bio-Security Assurance Arrangement (BSAA) with AVA. See the BSAA Guidelines for more information.
  • For ad hoc imports (i.e. not more than 1 application per 12 months), provide AVA with the bio-security measures you plan to implement for the import.
3. Apply for import permit
Non-CITES listed invertebrates

If you intend to import invertebrates that are not listed under CITES (i.e. not of the endangered status), you will require an AVA import licence.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Apply online for a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP) via TradeNet. The CCP will serve as an AVA import licence, and is valid for 2 weeks.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Download the list of product codes for Plants, insects, plant micro-organisms and CITES controlled items.
STEP 2:
Pay a fee of S$11 per permit.
CITES-listed invertebrates

If you intend to import CITES-listed invertebrates (i.e. endangered species; see the CITES appendices), you will require:

  • a CITES import permit from AVA,
  • a CITES export/re-export permit from the country of export, and
  • a TradeNet import declaration.

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from the competent authority of your country of export.
STEP 2: Obtain a CITES import permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website.

Please note that you will need to log in and locate the specific CITES permit application service.

The CITES import permit is valid for 30 days.
STEP 3:
Pay a fee of S$12 per permit per species. The permits are subject to a minimum of S$60.
STEP 4:
Submit an inward declaration via TradeNet.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. Download the list of product codes for Plants, insects, plant micro-organisms and CITES controlled items.

4. Arrange for import inspection with AVA

AVA’s prior approval will indicate if your import requires inspection at the port of entry.

There are 2 ways you can book an inspection:

  • Download and complete the Application for Post Entry Inspection of Imported Plants, and submit the form at least 1 day before the arrival of your consignment; or
  • Apply online via the AVA Inspection & Laboratory e-Services. Please note that you will need to log in and locate the specific plant inspection service.
5. AVA audit of bio-security measures

AVA’s prior approval will indicate whether your premises require AVA’s audit and how often the audits will be held.

In general:

  • For regular importers participating in BSAA with AVA, AVA will audit your implemented bio-security measures 3 times per year.
  • For ad hoc importers implementing bio-security measures for a temporary period, AVA will verify your proposed bio-security measures, and may conduct regular audits at the premises until the purpose of the import is fulfilled.

Exporting Insects & Other Invertebrates


AVA does not regulate the export* of invertebrates unless they are endangered species listed under CITES. See the CITES appendices for the list of animals listed under CITES.

* If you are re-exporting invertebrates (both CITES or non-CITES listed), you need to obtain an import permit from your country of destination before any re-export will be allowed.

1. Check the import requirements of your country of destination

Find out the import requirements of your country of destination. You can find these requirements from the website of the competent government authority of your country of destination.

2. Apply for CITES export permit

This step only applies if you are exporting or re-exporting CITES listed invertebrates.

Obtain a CITES export/re-export permit from AVA by applying online via the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website. Please note that you will need to log in to the LicenceOne (AVA e-Licensing) website and locate "CITES Permit".

In addition to the CITES export/re-export permit from AVA, you must obtain a CITES import permit from the competent authorities of your country of destination.

Micro-Organisms

AVA regulates the import of agriculturally important micro-organisms, which include plant pathogenic bacteria, fungi, nematodes, viruses and any other plant related micro-organisms.

While the export and transshipment of such micro-organisms are currently not under AVA’s control, traders are advised to find out the import requirements of their countries of destination. 

For more information on importing or exporting agriculturally important insects and other invertebrates, please see section "Insects & Other Invertebrates" above.



Importing Micro-Organisms


The following is an overview of the steps required to bring micro-organisms into Singapore.

1. Obtain prior approval from AVA

The import of micro-organisms requires prior approval from AVA.

Apply for the written approval by providing the following information to AVA for Import Risk Analysis:

  • Purpose of import
  • Quantity of import
  • Technical details of the organism, i.e.:
    • Scientific name (up to species level)
    • Source of supply
    • Life history
    • Optimum temperature for survival
    • Nature and type of food range

If the risk is considered acceptable, AVA will grant you prior approval.

2. Provide assurance of bio-security measures

AVA’s prior approval will indicate whether you are required to provide AVA with assurance of bio-security measures.

The following are the different assurances you may have to provide:

  • For regular imports (i.e. more than 1 application per 12 months), participate in the Bio-Security Assurance Arrangement (BSAA) with AVA. See the BSAA Guidelines for more information.
  • For ad hoc imports (i.e. not more than 1 application per 12 months), provide AVA with the bio-security measures you plan to implement for the import.
3. Apply for AVA import permit

Obtain an AVA import permit by following the steps below:

STEP DESCRIPTION
STEP 1:
Apply online for a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP) via TradeNet. The CCP will serve as an AVA import licence, and is valid for 2 weeks.

You will need to provide the appropriate HS codes and product codes. For the lists of products codes, see Product Codes for TradeNet.
STEP 2: Pay a fee of S$11 per permit.
4. Arrange for an import inspection

AVA’s prior approval will indicate if your import requires inspection at the port of entry.

There are 2 ways you can book an inspection:

  • Download and complete the Application for Post Entry Inspection of Imported Plants, and submit the form at least 1 day before the arrival of your consignment; or
  • Apply online via the AVA Inspection & Laboratory e-Services. Please note that you will need to log in and locate the specific plant inspection service.
5. AVA audit of bio-security measures

AVA’s prior approval will indicate whether your premises require AVA’s audit and how often the audits will be held.

In general:

  • For regular importers participating in BSAA with AVA, AVA will audit your implemented bio-security measures 3 times per year.
  • For ad hoc importers implementing bio-security measures for a temporary period, AVA will verify your proposed bio-security measures, and may conduct regular audits at the premises until the purpose of the import is fulfilled.
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