Pets & Animals

Notifiable Diseases

You must report any suspicion or positive detection of diseases listed in the Schedule of the Animals and Birds (Disease) Notification to AVA. This includes diseases detected in:

  • Locally obtained samples of animal or bird origin.
  • Imported samples of animal or bird origin.
  • Exported samples of animal or bird origin, regardless if the testing lab is based in Singapore or overseas.

For more information on identifying and diagnosing notifiable diseases, timeframes and criteria for reporting, you may refer to the AVA Guidelines for Reporting Notifiable Diseases 2018 Edition.

To report notifiable diseases, please refer to the list of notifiable diseases and disease reporting template.

Testing of Animal Pathogens & Biologics

The animal health laboratory services arm of the AVA's opens in a new windowAnimal and Plant Health Centre (APHC) has a professional team of veterinarians, microbiologists, molecular biologists and laboratory technologists specialising in Aquatic Animal Health, Bacteriology, Pathology and Virology. We aim to maintain our country's animal disease-free status, which facilitates Singapore's international trade, protects the health of local animal populations and indirectly safeguards human health.


The animal health laboratory services are sought by local and overseas farmers, private pet owners, private veterinary practitioners, as well as local establishments such as the Singapore Zoological Gardens, the Jurong Birdpark, the Singapore Turf Club, Resorts World Sentosa and vaccine manufacturing companies.

We provide the following services:

  • Diagnostic support for national surveillance programmes for various notifiable animal and zoonotic pathogens, such as:
    • Rabies virus
    • 'Bird flu' virus (avian influenza virus)
    • Nipah virus
    • Salmonella enteritidis
  • Investigation of production diseases in aquaculture, which includes the detection of important aquatic pathogens in food fish and shell fish such as:
    • Viral nervous necrosis virus
    • Iridoviruses
    • Whitespot syndrome virus
    • Streptococcus iniae
  • Diagnosis of animal diseases through laboratory testing, including the determination of antibiotic susceptibility profiles of bacterial pathogens.
  • Disease investigation and professional consultation services for animal and fish farms.
  • Quality control testing of veterinary biologics. For information on possession and import or export of veterinary biologics, refer to Veterinary Biologics.
  • Diagnostic support for issuance of export health certificates by conducting tests for animals and fish, including:
    • serological tests for Brucella canis, Leptospira canicola, Erhlichia canis and Equine infectious anaemia,
    • the detection of koi herpesvirus and Red seabream iridovirus (RSIV) via PCR, etc.

For more information on the export of animals, refer to Exporting Dogs & Cats and Import, Export & Transshipment of Other Animals.

Types of tests/services and fees

For more details on the fees, download the Animal Health Laboratory Service Booklet.

Fees for commonly requested tests/services are also listed below.

Tests/Services Charges (inclusive of GST) Contact Persons
Post-mortem examination of fish and other aquatic animals <= 50kg S$126.00 or S$220.50 per batch or per animal (depending on body weight) Dr. Teo Xuan Hui


Dr. Denyse Khor
Post-mortem examination of fish and other aquatic animals > 50kg S$294.00 per animal
Cytological examination S$34.65 per origin of sample

Dr. Charlene J. Fernandez


Dr. Teo Xuan Hui


Dr. Michelle Ooi


Histological examination S$36.75 per organ
Parasitological examination S$32.60 per test
Post-mortem examination of avian and laboratory animals S$119.70 per batch
Post-mortem examination of companion animals S$112.35 per animal
Post-mortem examination of equines, exotic mammals, ruminants and pigs S$112.35 per animal up to 4 months old;
S$294.00 per animal (> 4 months old)
Egg freshness S$30.45 per batch of 10 samples Ms Wong Wai Kwan


Dr. Brian Tan
Examination for specific bacteria or fungi S$54.60 per test
Routine bacteriological or fungal examination S$30.45 per test
Serological examination (bacterial) up to S$53.55 per test (depending on method)
Supply of AVA's Salmonella Pullorum stained K-polyvalent antigen (for screening of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Pullorum antibodies in chicken whole blood, sera and egg yolks) S$62.00 per bottle of
25 ml for 500 tests
Mrs Chan Geok Hua


Mrs Yip-Ng Sou Cheng
Purity or titration test on vaccines S$121.80 or S$252.00 per test (depending on method) Dr. Huangfu Taoqi


Dr. Chen Jing
Serological examination (viral) S$31.50 to S$78.75 per batch of 5 samples;up to S$132.50 per test (depending on method)
Sterility test for vaccines S$74.55 per test
Virological examination S$52.50 to S$151.20 per test (depending on method)
Types of tests and test fees
Testing for export/export health certification* Charges (inclusive of GST) Contact Persons
Brucella canis serology for dogs (tube agglutination) S$53.55 per test Ms Wong Wai Kwan


Dr. Brian Tan
Leptospira canicola serology for dogs (microscopic agglutination) S$53.55 per test
Salmonella culture S$54.60 per test
Taylorella equigenitalis culture for horses S$54.60 per test
Babesia gibsoni serology for dogs:
immunofluorescent assay;
S$120.75 per test
Dr. Charlene J. Fernandez


Ms Amy Chan
Canine heartworm (antigen test and microfilariae concentration test) S$71.40 for both tests
Erhlichia canis serology for dogs (immunofluorescent assay) S$71.40 or S$88.20 per test (depending on requirement of titration)
Hookworm (faecal flotation) for cats and dogs S$32.60 per test
Leishmania infantum and Leishmania donovani serology for dogs $74.90 per test
Toxoplasma gondii serology (immunofluorescent assay) for cats and dogs  S$112.35 or S$186.90 per test (depending on requirement of titration)
Avian influenza virus (H5 or H7 subtype) serology (haemagglutination inhibition test) S$31.50 per batch of 5 samples Dr. Huangfu Taoqi


Dr. Chen Jing
Avian influenza virus detection (H5 or H7 subtype) $262.50 per batch of 5 samples or part thereof;
$31.50 for each subsequent sample
Avian influenza virus isolation  S$52.50 per test
Equine infectious anaemia serology (Coggin's test) S$31.50 per batch of 5 samples
Equine viral arteritis serology (serum neutralization test) S$65.10 per test
Koi herpes virus detection (polymerase chain reaction) $262.50 per batch of 5 samples or part thereof;
$31.50 for each subsequent sample
Newcastle disease virus serology (haemagglutination inhibition test) S$31.50 per batch of 5 samples

* Please check with the relevant authority of the importing country for tests required.

Application Process & Sample Submission

Online application for our laboratory services is available at Inspection and Laboratory e-Services.

Submission form

If you are unable to apply online, you can download, complete and submit a hard copy of the Application of Animal Health Laboratory Services.

Please note that samples with incomplete or illegible forms could result in delay of the turn-around time.

If you are submitting large numbers of samples, use a separate list. Please ensure that sample identities are clearly printed on the list and match the labels on the samples. Samples that are not listed could result in delay of the turn-around time.

The submission form is also available in hard copy at the APHC.

Sample submission

Due to risks to transport and laboratory personnel, please do not send samples in:

  • Syringes, with or without needles. Needles may cause injury while samples in syringes without needles are prone to leakage. 
  • Glass containers of any kind.
  • Wet ice in plastic bags. Please use sturdy insulated boxes for wet ice or cold packs instead.

Please refer to our service booklet for detailed instructions.

Submission of animal carcasses

Animal carcasses submitted to the APHC must be accompanied by the following completed and signed documents, whichever is appropriate:

  1. Post-Mortem Examination Consent Form
  2. Post-Mortem Examination Letter of Authorisation

Test Reports

Performance standards

A test report will be issued within 10 days from the date of receipt of sample(s). In cases where results, by nature of the test method, take longer than 10 days to obtain, a preliminary report will be issued within 10 days, where appropriate.

Turn-around times are indicated in the Animal Health Laboratory Service Booklet.

Please indicate on the submission form the preferred manner of receiving reports: by fax, mail or personal collection at APHC. If there is no indication, reports will be sent by fax only.

For reasons of confidentiality, reports will be sent only to the party being billed for the examination, except where a notifiable disease under the Animal and Birds Act is diagnosed, in which case, the relevant authorities will be notified.

Every report sent by fax from the APHC is documented with a confirmation of successful fax transmission. 1 subsequent request for a 're-faxed' copy will be allowed free of charge. After that, each additional request for a faxed copy will be charged an administrative fee of S$9.45 (inclusive of GST).

For a claim of unsuccessful mail delivery of a report, 1 Certified True Copy can be issued free of charge. The customer is encouraged to collect this report at the APHC as any subsequent request for a copy of the report will be charged the administrative fee of S$9.45 (inclusive of GST).


Modes of payment for laboratory services include GIRO, counter payment via NETS and cashcard, and online electronic payment via credit card or Internet Banking.

Applications for payment by GIRO should be made in advance to allow time for processing. Download, complete and submit the GIRO application form.

For clients not residing in Singapore, please contact us for payment arrangements.

For payment queries, please contact:

Mrs Chan Geok Hua Tel: (65) 6316 5188 E-mail:

Our contact

Animal and Plant Health Centre
Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority

6 Perahu Road
Singapore 718827
Tel: (65) 6316 5168 / (65) 6316 5188
Fax: (65) 6316 1090

Operating hours:

Operating Hours Sample Submission Hours
Mondays to Thursdays 8:00 am to 5:30 pm 8:00 am to 5:00 pm
Fridays 8:00 am to 5:00 pm 8:00 am to 4:30 pm
New Year's Eve, Chinese New Year's Eve and Christmas Eve 8:00 am to 12:30 pm 8:00 am to 12:00 pm
Saturdays, Sundays and Public Holidays Closed Closed

Antimicrobial Resistance

What is antimicrobial resistance?

Antimicrobial resistance refers to the ability of microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites) to prevent an antimicrobial (antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals and anthelminthics) from being effective against it.

Why is antimicrobial resistance a concern?

 Antimicrobial resistance develops in microorganisms whenever antimicrobials are used, as they either die or develop resistance. However, the rate of resistance development and spread has been accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antimicrobial agents. The development of resistance to existing antimicrobial agents is increasing at a faster rate than the development of new antimicrobial agents. Therefore, there is a dwindling availability of effective antimicrobials, which are important to protect human health, animal health and animal welfare.

What is the response to antimicrobial resistance?

The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA) recognises the threat that antimicrobial resistance poses to human health, animal health and animal welfare globally. AVA, together with other agencies namely, MOH, NEA and PUB have developed a National Strategic Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance. The plan provides a framework to strengthen and enhance activities to combat AMR using a One Health approach that involves the human, animal, food and environment sectors.

Details of the National Strategic Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance can be found here.

AVA’s efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance include: 

  • Engaging farmers, veterinary product distributors and pet owners on antimicrobial resistance, and promoting practices that they can adopt that would slow the emergence of resistance
  • Expanding the monitoring of resistant bacteria to all poultry and ruminant farms in Singapore
  • Banning the use of selected medically important antimicrobials (e.g. polymixin, glycopeptides and carbapenems) for use in local food animal farms
  • Coordinating ASEAN efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance within the livestock and aquaculture sector. This included drafting the ASEAN guidelines for prudent use of antimicrobials in livestock.

What can I do?

Pet owners

  • Only use antibiotics when prescribed or administered by a veterinarian, as not every infectious disease requires antibiotic treatment.
  • Follow the recommended dose, frequency and length of treatment prescribed by your veterinarian, even if your pet seems to have recovered.
  • Keep your pet healthy. A healthy animal can better fight off infections.
  • Adopt preventative health management such as keeping your animal’s vaccination and anti-parasitic treatment updated to prevent infections.   

Food safety

  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria may be found in raw meat. These can be eliminated by thorough cooking. Good hygiene practices such as hand washing and separation of raw and cooked food will help to prevent cross-contamination.
  •  Thoroughly wash and/or peel fruits and vegetables if eating them raw, as they can be contaminated by antibiotic resistant bacteria.
Back to Top LAST UPDATED ON Tuesday, November 13, 2018
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