Amendment of Plant Varieties Protection Bill

Come July 2014, the Plant Varieties Protection will be expanded to cover all plant varieties, up from the previous 16 varieties. AVA will continue to be one of the technical examining authorities to ascertain the novelty of candidate varieties.

Under the Plant Varieties Protection (PVP) Act, a plant breeder who discovers and develops a new plant variety may apply to protect his intellectual property (IP) of the new plant variety. If granted, the breeder will be given exclusive breeder rights in relation to the new plant variety.

On 30 July 2004, Singapore acceded to The International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) and currently offers PVP for 16 plant genera and species. Come July 2014, Singapore will need to expand the scope of this protection to all plants.


The PVP is administered by the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS). To facilitate PVP applications, AVA ascertains whether the candidate plant is indeed of a new variety, through a technical examination for distinction, uniformity, and stability (DUS). The DUS examination involves the detailed observation of plant parts and characteristics to distinguish the differences between the candidate variety and the common knowledge variety. A DUS examiner must be well versed in the basic knowledge on general plant morphology, as well as specific characteristics prescribed in the Test Guidelines.

Fruits of the Jatropha curcas Fruits of the Jatropha curcas, with seeds that can be processed to extract a high quality bio-fuel. Two varieties of this plant will undergo DUS examination by AVA.

A local research company has applied for PVP for two new candidate Jatropha curcas varieties. These varieties will undergo DUS examination by AVA. Jatropha curcas is an ornamental shrub that is a native of American tropics. Cultivation of Jatropha is mainly for the seeds, which can be processed to extract a high quality bio-fuel that can be used in any standard diesel machinery including cars.